WEBER Max( German sociologist, philosopher, economist and historian, professor of national economy)
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Biography WEBER Max
German sociologist, philosopher, economist and historian, professor of national economy in Berlin, Freiburg, Heidelberg, Munich. His work on sociology, religion, economics, law, history, economy served as a basis for the formation of entire areas and schools, had a profound impact on the development of European culture in the field of social science. Much attention is paid to research into the rationality of Weber as the specific features of Western European development, in particular the emergence of capitalism and the Western bourgeoisie in its originality. This issue is devoted to one of the most famous of his works - 'The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism', . in which he questioned the reasons for the formation of this rationality and linked it with the known species practically rational life conduct, . calling him a 'capitalist spirit'.,
. In 'Collection of articles on the methodology of science' Weber has developed a methodology for research in the field of history and sociology
. The model of cognition of reality, according to Weber, is the 'ideal type', which he regards as a purely theoretical construction, which allows a comparison with the phenomena of reality, to assess the nature and degree of completeness. So, . the 'ideal type' of the city (in a section of a large unfinished work 'Economy and Society') connected to the characteristics of different cities, . which together do not exist in reality, . but contribute to the understanding of the various existing historical reality of cities and their classification.,
. In his sociological works of Weber considered the notion of social action
. American sociologist Parsons later put that notion to base their concept. Weber defines sociology as a science which seeks to understand social action, its process and the interaction of its various manifestations. Social scientist calls the action of the action-relating to its intended meaning to the action of others, and relies on it.
. In his teaching was based on Weber developed his concept of freedom from value judgments
. It is unacceptable to inspire the student to their worldview, regardless of whether there is sufficient it is interesting or compromise. The student should be taught the same ability to find satisfaction in solving their task, how to proceed from facts, including those he dislikes, and to suppress the study of scientific problems of personal interests and preferences. Personality can be, says Weber, a completely surrendering his case. Make the same in the objective study of personal motives contrary to the essence of scientific thinking.