GUILLAUME Pierre Franö¬ois Guizot( French historian and political figure.)
Comments for GUILLAUME Pierre Franö¬ois Guizot
Biography GUILLAUME Pierre Franö¬ois Guizot
French historian and politician. Since 1830, Mr.. Guizot was Minister of Interior, Education, Foreign Affairs and, finally, the Prime Minister.
Domestic policy Guizot was directed against the workers' movement. The French Revolution 1848. end the political career of Guizot.
Over time, Guizot's views have undergone a significant evolution. His historical concept in the early period of creative activity Guizot formulated in his book 'On the French government since the Restoration and the current Ministry'. He wrote that for thirteen centuries, France was divided into two nations - the people winning and people-loser. Under the first he knew Gaul invaders - the Germans, whose descendants became the nobility, and under the second - the Gallo-Romans and their descendants - the third estate. The decisive battle between the nobility and third estate in France and became a revolution 1789-1799 gg. (cm. French Revolution 1789-1799 gg.).
Ideologist of the bourgeoisie, Gizo - one of the founders of the theory of class struggle. In his theory, he refused to see the basis of relations among different classes of service, denied the class nature of the bourgeois state, hostile to the struggle of the masses.
In 1832, Mr.. was completed multivolume essay Guizot 'The history of civilization in France from the fall of the Roman Empire until 1789', and then saw the light 'General History of Civilization in Europe' in four volumes.
In 1833, Mr.. Guizot established 'Institute of History', which had its own organ, which was published collection 'unpublished documents relating to the history of France'.
In 1834, Mr.. under his chairmanship organized a special government committee for finding and publishing the monuments of French history. Several years later, it adopted a special law required to clean the municipal archives.
. Of special interest throughout his scientific career scientist showed the history of the English Revolution, primarily to the constitutional order established in the country, to the history of the British representative institutions
. This was devoted to his work 'History of the English republic and Oliver Cromwell' and 'History of the Protectorate of Richard Cromwell and the restoration of the Stuarts'.