FYURTVENGLER Wilhelm (FurtwIngler)( The most famous German conductor of the XX century.)
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Biography FYURTVENGLER Wilhelm (FurtwIngler)
Fyurtvengler, Wilhelm (FurtwIngler), (1886-1954), the most famous German conductor of the XX century. Born January 25, 1886 in Berlin. After the Munich Conservatory, performed on the stages of Strasbourg, Lц+beck, Mannheim, Vienna, Frankfurt and Berlin. In 1922-45 headed the Berlin Symphony Orchestra. Starting from 1937 conducted the Bayreuth Festival dedicated to the works of composer Richard Wagner. In 1926 and 1927 led the New York Philharmonic, the Vienna Symphony Orchestra 1927-30. After Hitler came to power in 1933, when began the persecution of the intelligentsia, many cultural workers were forced to leave Germany. Fyurtvengler stayed in Germany, T. to. pressure on the musicians of the Nazi regime was not so strong. However, over time, and he had to experience dissatisfaction with the Nazi authorities, as Fyurtvengler consistently defended the work of the composer Paul Hindemith, the authorities declared decadent. In 1933-34 Fyurtvengler led the Berlin Opera. In 1946 he successfully passed the process of denazification, saying that did not understand until the end took place in the country's political developments. In 1950-54 Fyurtvengler again led the Berlin Symphony Orchestra. He died November 30, 1954 in Baden-Baden.