HUGENBERG Alfred (Hugenberg)( German industrialist and politician)
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Biography HUGENBERG Alfred (Hugenberg)
Hugenberg, Alfred (Hugenberg) (1865-1951), Hugenberg, German industrialist and politician. Born June 19, 1865 in Hanover. Being a staunch nationalist, Hugenberg was one of the founders Pangermanskogo Union, advocated the establishment of world domination of Germany. In 1894, Hugenberg attempted to organize a ransom of Polish lands to settle on the territory of the Germans. Initiated the creation of many agricultural societies. From 1903 he worked in the Prussian Ministry of Finance. In 1909-18 headed the board of directors of the Krupp Companies, a very successful directing their financial activities. Since 1916 started his own business and due to the exceptional energy in a short time become one of the most powerful industrialists of Germany. In an effort to combine business and politics, Hugenberg became the owner of many German newspapers, news agencies and publishing houses, it belonged to Germany's largest film studio UFA.
. In 1928, Hugenberg became chairman of the German National People's Party (DNFP), the undisputed leader of which he remained until its dissolution
. Hugenberg had been persistently parliamentarism, the Weimar Republic, ridiculed her constitution, and sharply criticized the plan for the Reparations Jung (1928). October 11, 1931 he, together with other members of right-wing parties including the Nazis, joined Gartsburgsky Front, which later ceased to exist, having lost the support of Hitler. Hugenberg played a significant role in attracting financial and industrial magnates of Germany contributed to Hitler's rise to power. In the elections of 31 July 1932 DNFP suffered a crushing defeat. August 13, 1932, when Hitler saw himself Chancellor of Germany, Hugenberg refused to support him, but later changed his position, for which Hitler rewarded him as Minister of Economy (from 30 January until 29 June 1933). All attempts Hugenberga take control of the activities of the Nazi faction in the Reichstag failed. Without the support of President Paul von Hindenburg, and feeling pressure from the storm troopers of the SA, June 26, 1933 Hugenberg was forced to resign. His nationalist party, along with others, was dissolved by the Nazi authorities. Hugenberg died Kyukenbruhe March 12, 1951.