Gustav Stresemann (Stresemann)( State and political figure in Germany)
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Biography Gustav Stresemann (Stresemann)
Stresemann, Gustav (Stresemann), (1878-1929), statesman and political figure in Germany, leader of the German People's Party. Born May 10, 1878 in Berlin, in the family Proprietor. In 1902 received his doctorate with a thesis on the development of trade in Berlin bottled beer. Successfully engaged in commercial activities, then turned to politics. As a monarchist, he felt no sympathy for the Weimar Republic, but soberly recognize the realities of a republican system.
August 13, 1923 Stresemann headed the coalition government in Germany. Being a supporter of hard power, he suppressed the attacks on the existing system from both the left and right-wing extremist forces (for example, suppressing the communist rebellion in Saxony and Thuringia, put a stop to Hitler's "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich 1923). After the Social Democrats left the coalition government, Stresemann was forced to resign on Nov. 23, 1923.
To the end of his days remained foreign minister of the Weimar Republic. In this capacity he did much to restore the former Germany international prestige. Stresemann has established close contacts with the majority of western countries, consistently fulfilling all the conditions of the Versailles Treaty 1919. In 1924 he accepted the Dawes Plan on reparations, signed Locarno treaties of 1925, in 1926, led Germany to the League of Nations, and supported the plan Jung. In 1926 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Hitler believed Stresemann, despite its specific and ultra-nationalist sympathies, a traitor to the interests of Germanic. How totally unworthy Hitler regarded the fact that Stresemann was married to a Jew, the daughter of an industrialist in Berlin. Stresemann died suddenly on October 3, 1929.