Archil( king of Imereti)
Comments for Archil
In 1661 his father brought him to the throne of Imereti, but due to the protest of Turkey and Iran's claim in 1663, left Archil of Imereti, and in 1664 ascended to the throne of Kakheti.
. Was possible to partially stop the raids Lezgins. Despite this Kakheti Archil Tawada not recognize the legitimate king, as he was Kartli Bagrationi, for this reason Archil married the granddaughter of Teimuraz I - sister Irakli Ketevan.
In 1674 from Russia in Kakheti Heraclius I returned. Archil with great honor took Heraclius (Archil was married to the sister of Heraclius). Soon Irakli went to Iran. Archil was convinced that the Shah to the throne of Kakheti Heraclius approve. Therefore, in 1675, without asking the advice of his father, he left and moved in Kakheti, Imereti. And this time was unable to take the throne of Imereti Archil long time, but was determined to continue the fight, and to implement their plans decided to seek assistance from Russia.
Archil sent an embassy to the king Fedor Alekseevich. In 1682 Tsar Fedor Alekseevich Archila invited to Russia. In the same year, Archil arrived in Astrakhan. With him were: his wife, Princess Ketevan; sons: Alexander, Mamuka, David and daughter Darejan. In Astrakhan, Archil zhyl three years and only in 1685, arrived in Moscow. Immediately upon arrival Archil began a violent political and cultural activities. At the same time (in 1687) arrived in Moscow ambassador Kartli King George XI and invited the king of Russia's military-political alliance. A Archil conveyed a message from his brother, to return to Georgia.
In 1688, Archil returned home and tried to climb to the throne of Imereti. In the 90-ies of the XVII century the situation in Georgia is more complicated. In eastern Georgia Irakli I competed and George XI. In Zapodnoy Georgia ozhestachennaya waged war for the throne of Imereti. Archil thrice tried to seize the throne (1690-1691, 1695-1696, 1698), and each time failed.
After the failure of his political plans, Archil decided that in Georgia it has nothing more to do and forever left their homeland. In 1699, he returned to Russia, where a number of service begins with Peter, his son Alexander, and where in Moscow at the Novodevichy monastery had been buried, his children: David (deceased in 1688) and Mamuka (deceased in 1693).
. In 1700, Peter identified Archil three estates in the Nizhny Novgorod province and
. three thousand serfs, this contributed to the bottom of the first Georgian settlements in Russia
. Obosnovavshisya in the village of All Saints, near Moscow, Archil started active cultural activities. Thus arose the first Georgian village in Moscow. At the initiative of Georgian Archil was established printing houses, where in 1705 he published the first book "Davitni" (Psalms). Immediately, in Moscow Archil completed work on a collection of TN. "Archiliani" which included his literary works. In 1711, in the Donskoy Monastery in Moscow was buried son Alexander Archil. Shortly here is reburied his brothers. At the burial place of his sons, Archil built tserkov, which itself was buried April 16, 1713.