Dumouriez Charles Franö¬ois (Charles-Francois Dumouriez)( Served in the French army)
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Biography Dumouriez Charles Franö¬ois (Charles-Francois Dumouriez)
Charles Franö¬ois Dumouriez (1739 - 1823) served in the French army from the age of nineteen. Participated in the Seven Years' War (1756-1763), and then performed diplomatic missions for Louis XV. Since 1778, Mr.. served in Cherbourg, where for 11 years oversaw the construction of the port.
In 1790, Mr.. become a member of the Jacobin Club. In March - June 1792, Mr.. - Minister of Foreign Affairs in the government of the Girondins. June 12 was appointed minister of war, but three days later resigned and, after the overthrow of the monarchy on August 10, took command of the Northern Army. September 20 defeated the Prussian army at Valmy, November 6 - over the Austrians at Jemappes, which allowed the French army to occupy Belgium.
In February - March 1793, Mr.. during an unsuccessful attempt to invade the French army in Holland suffered a series of defeats of the Austrian army. March 23 Dumouriez colluded with the enemy, and promised to turn the army to Paris, to disperse the Convent and to restore the French monarchy under Louis XVIII. He expressed willingness to withdraw French troops from Belgium and Holland, and immediately pass a number of fortresses.
March 29 to profits Dumouriez four commissioners of the Convention and the War Minister Bernonvil with the order and sanctify thyself from office and arrest. But Dumouriez himself arrested the envoys of the Convention, the Minister of War and gave them to the Austrians. However, the army did not support their commander. One of the officers, the future Napoleon's Marshal Davout attempted to shoot Dumouriez, when he heard from his lips the order to march on Paris. The Convention declared the rebel General a traitor to the fatherland. Seeing that all was lost, Dumouriez April 5 with a small group of officers ran to the enemy.
After that, the former commander of a few years wandering through Europe, then settled in England. After the restoration of the monarchy, King Louis did not let Dumouriez return to France.