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KENT, William

( Architect)

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Biography KENT, William
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William Kent was born approximately in 1685 in Bridlington, Yorkshire.

At the beginning of XVIII century prevailing view that art should meet the requirements of truth and naturalness, and hence, the projected building should meet the requirements posed by the very nature of things. A good representative of this trend in the eyes of the then British architects were Palladio.

. The most significant architects of the camp rallied around the patron of Richard Boyle, third Earl Burlington that attracted them to fulfill their own architectural orders, found them and other customers to subsidize their publication.

. One of these builders was William Kent, whose Burlington "discovered" in Rome, where he studied painting with Benedetto Luki
. In Italy, Kent studied art from 1709 to 1719. And before that he was a pupil of the master, signs coach.

In Burlington House, he soon became his own man. In 1724, Burlington instructed William publish "Projects Inigo Jones". Tom engravings from drawings Inigo Jones, was released in 1727.

Instruction Burlington Kent finally persuaded to do the architecture and helped to take a leading place among palladintsev 1730 - 1740-ies. In 1734, he began to build a house on the estate Holkhem Hall, Norfolk. This building has opened a new chapter in the history of architecture of England. Since 1735, Kent became court sculptor in London.

Talent Kent was a very versatile. At first he was engaged in painting, . wrote and portraits, . and religious and historical paintings, . painted ceilings, . engraved etching, . made drawings for various utensils, . for book illustrations, . monument to Shakespeare in Westminster Abbey, . lay out gardens and built palaces,
. He served as the royal carpenter, royal architect, curator of the royal paintings and, finally, the chief of the royal painter. All this time can be called the era of Burlington and Kent. However, the works of Kent remained not so much. They say he built together with the London palace of Burlington Burlington. He participated in the construction of the famous villas in Chisike. He also built the palace of the Dukes of Devonshire in London.

. Other, maloblagopriyatnoe opinion can draw on it for his project built on Horse Guards' barracks in London (1750-1758) (later - the seat of the commander in chief of the British Army) - building with heavy and troublesome forms of
. Kent refused to use it from the columns, and all the dismemberment of the facade made by the different projections and depressions.

. He belongs to the same plan luxuriously decorated with a huge palace in Holkheme Earl of Leicester in the county of Norfolk (begun in 1734).

. Kent repelled by the Italian samples, but gripping his passion for clumsiness, forced closer to the tastes Vanbru
. Greatest importance for the continent had built their elegant round pavilion "Temple of Ancient Virtue in Stowe Park. Repetitions of its scattered all over Europe.

In 1730 Kent began work as a parks planner. They said of him: "Mohammed invented paradise, Kent created them in the set."

Kent planned to the famous park houses the Duke of Devonshire in Chisike near London, Carlton House in London, near London, and Claremont Ave. Feeding hatred of straight lines in the breakdown lanes, he sought to bring the English landscape to the landscapes of Claude Lorrain.

. The most perfect work of art is the English park park Stowe in Buckinghamshire - at the residence of Lord Kobhema
. Above the creation of his labored along with Kent, and gardeners Bridgman Lenslot Brown. The park was destroyed in the space of 200 hectares. Shelter garden wall in the ditch made it possible to connect the eye to the park and opened the neighborhood - reception, called "Ah, ah!". Artists-builders sought to banish the thought of some violent change of nature and at the same time tried to give it the maximum charm.

Kent Died April 12, 1748 in London. Kent and was buried in 1748 in the family vault in the Burlington Count Chisike.


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