Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin( Soviet aircraft, Colonel-General, Academician)
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Biography Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin
Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin was born in 1894 in the family Vologda poor peasant.
Ilyushin was a construction worker, a laborer at the airport (the clearing and leveling of the airfield).
Sergey independently izuil mathematics, physics, chemistry, which helped him to become a aircraft mechanic after recruitment.
In 1917, Ilyushin has successfully passed the examination for the title of the pilot. The Civil War, and Ilyushin goes to the front, which operates aircraft mechanic, military commissar, chief of aircraft maintenance train.
When the war zkonchilas, Sergei Vladimirovich sent to uchemu at the Moscow Institute of Engineers of the Red Air Fleet (later - Military Engineering Academy named H. E. Zhukovsky). While studying Ilyushin instructional airframes. In 1926 Sergey graduated from the Academy, and in 1931 - founded and headed one of the design bureaus.
In 1933, the staff of the Design Bureau began development of a twin-engined aircraft. A test pilot in. K. Kokkinaki installs on it a number of height records with various cargoes.
In 1938-1939 the planes made Ilyushin Design Bureau, committed non-stop flights from Moscow-Vladivostok and Moscow-North America.
Ilyushin became famous during the Second World. Already at the beginning - on the night of August 8, 1941 - grupa bombers IL-4 flew hundreds of miles of territory occupied by an enemy army and attacked military sites in Berlin. Il-2 Soviet soldiers were called "flying tank", and the Nazis - "black death". In the IL-2, according to pilots who fly it, it was found very successful combination of speed, maneuver, armor and fire. That is why the attacks against the enemy on this plane were unexpected and crushing.
In 1944, the Ilyushin Design Bureau of beginning to build a fundamentally new, at that time, jet aircraft. IL-12, which went into production next year after the war, allowed us to increase passenger.
The first flight passenger aircraft IL-18 was completed in July 1957. This apparatus - the plane of light construction, and its creation was necessary to solve many complex problems.
Also in the Ilyushin design bureau was built intercontinental airliner Il-62.
Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin died in 1977.