Auguste Piccard( Inventor stratospheric and submersibles)
Comments for Auguste Piccard
Biography Auguste Piccard
Auguste Piccard was born in 1884.
When Piccard was fascinated by the problem of cosmic rays, he realized that the higher will rise, more intense will be the rays. He decided to climb into the stratosphere with instruments for recording rays - the coin-operated devices at that time had not yet.
Piccard is targeted and built a sealed spherical gondola calculated shell. She and more than 14 thousand cubic meters of gas (14 million liters). Twice, in 1931 and 1932, Auguste Piccard was raised for the invention of stratospheric balloon in the stratosphere. It reached an altitude of 16370 meters. Piccard stratospheric helped trace the direction of cosmic rays, to measure the degree of their absorption layer of lead and paraffin. Auguste Piccard was able to compare intensivnot radiation at different altitudes. Thus, Auguste Piccard made the first step towards rasskrytiyu secrets kosmcheskih rays.
Later, Auguste Piccard carried away by the idea of conquering the depths. To do this, he begins to construct the first bathyscaphe - autonomous vehicle for deep diving in 1937.
Despite the break associated with the war in 1948 was built bathyscaphe.
Auguste Piccard made it in the form of a metal float, filled with gasoline (petrol lighter than water, but practically can not be compressed, so the float shell is not deformed under the influence of huge pressures). Below float Auguste Piccard hung spherical gondola from durable steel and ballast.
Auguste Piccard himself sinking to the seabed - in 1948 and in 1953.
Submersibles, developed by Professor Piccard, could descend to any depth. Since January 23, 1960 the son of Auguste Piccard - Jacques - unable to reach a bathyscaphe "Trieste" the deepest point of the ocean.
In 1962, Auguste Piccard died.