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Tabor Alex Evgrafovich

( Russia's famous organic chemist)

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Biography Tabor Alex Evgrafovich
photo Tabor Alex Evgrafovich
Alex Evgrafovich Tabor was born in the village of Pavlovo of Nizhny Novgorod province (now a city of Pavlovo-on-Oka) March 7, 1860. In their family were ten children.

In Pavlov's school did not have, children were taught two women who knew the Scriptures and Church Slavonic letter. Then Alex Evgrafovich studied with a deacon of the Trinity Cathedral in literacy and numeracy.

1869 Alex Evgrafovich went to Nizhny Novgorod, in the gymnasium.

After graduating from high school in 1878, Alexei Evgrafovich Tabor entered the natural separation of physical and mathematical faculty of St. Petersburg University.

In 1881 he moved to the last, fourth course. Undergraduate students were supposed to choose a specialty and to determine the appropriate laboratory. Tabor got to Butlerova.

We Butlerova Alex Evgrafovich involved obtaining valerilena (propilatsetilena) from amylene and polymerization valerilena, although not achieved noticeable results.

In 1882, Tabor graduated from the University with a degree candidate, and stayed to work in the laboratory Butlerova. The money he received while working the eighth grade teacher, the first real school.

Three years later, Alex Evgrafovich Tabor received a place in the university laboratory at the department's analytical and technical chemistry, which offered him a professor of H. Menshutkin. He worked there acetylenic hydrocarbons.

in Favorskogo had a good voice and perfect pitch, but he refused to accept any entrepreneur to join the vaudeville theater troupe, because he was interested in chemistry.

In September 1887 Alex Evgrafovich Favorski married to Natalia Pavlovna Dubrovina, who graduated from women's medical courses. In 1888 they had a son Evgraf, somewhat later - the daughter Tatiana.

Around this time Tabor has shown that open their isomeric transformation (ETHYLACETYLENE in dimetilatsetilen - monosubstituted acetylene in dibasic), works for a large number of other acetylenic hydrocarbons. After examining the conditions of isomeric transformations, Alexei Evgrafovich proposed a scheme of process. This scheme made it possible to withdraw a number of rules, which are now known as the "rules Favorskogo".

September 28, 1891 Alex Evgrafovich Favorski zaschischitil master's thesis and received a place privat-docent. In the same year, Alexei Evgrafovich invited to teach organic chemistry at the Mikhailovsky Artillery School. Tabor began to teach students the chemistry at a higher level than before, gaining many followers among them, for example, Vladimir Ipatief, in the future - the founder of high-pressure chemistry.

This Alexey Evgrafovich Tabor continued study of acetylene and allene hydrocarbons. Scientist searching for a reaction typical of disubstituted acetylenes, as well as for monosubstituted acetylenes there is reaction of acetylide of copper and silver
.
. This Faovrsky studied the interaction of disubstituted acetylenes with hypochlorous acid, . on the basis of which showed, . that for image processing with alpha-dihlorketonov aqueous solution of potash, . quinones, along with the expected number of acrylic acid formed by intramolecular rearrangement, ,
.

Alex Evgrafovich Tabor discovered the scheme this rearrangement, known as "realignment Favorskogo". Open Favorsky transformation of alpha-dihlorketanov formed the basis for his doctoral dissertation scholar.

Since its protection in April 1895 Tabor received his doctorate, then - the title of professor of analytical and technical chemistry.

After the trip (with family) in Berlin with Robert Koch, Tabor returned to Russia.

In 1902, after the transfer of Professor H. Menshutkina at the Polytechnic Institute, Tabor received at St. Petersburg University, Department of Organic Chemistry.

Great importance for the development of women's higher education in Russia were higher for women (Bestuzhevskie) courses. Since 1900, they began to teach and Alexei Evgrafovich Tabor, and the lecture he gave at a university program, as universities for women at that time were not available.

In 1908 the wife died Alexei Evgrafovich Favorskogo.
Later Tabor married Marie Markelovne Dabrowa. They had three children.
Since the beginning of the twentieth century until the end of life Alexei Evgrafovich Tabor was the editor of the Journal of the Russian Physico-Chemical Society.

In 1922, Tabor was elected a corresponding member of Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
In 1929, Alex Evgrafovich became an academician.
In 1930, Tabor wrote a textbook "Course of Organic Chemistry".
In 1945, after returning from evacuation, Tabor was awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor.
August 8, 1945 Alex Evgrafovich Tabor died.

Alex Evgrafovich Favorski left behind not only their own discoveries, but many students who are great scientists, for example, Polezhaev, Reformed, Chugai.


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