Robert Fulton( The American inventor, built the first wheeled river steamer)
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Biography Robert Fulton
Robert Fulton was born in the U.S. in 1765. From childhood he showed a versatile abilities - to draw, loved mathematics, skillfully used by different instruments.
In 20 years, Robert Fulton became an apprentice goldsmith, then went to study painting in England.
There Fulton participated in the construction of locks, aqueducts, canals, becoming an engineer and inventor.
For one of the first works of Robert Fulton is the invention of inclined planes, which allowed courts to dispense with locks. Also, Robert Fulton invented the shovel for digging canals, developed a machine for cutting marble, skruchevaniya ropes, spinning flax and other operations.
From 1790 years Fulton addressed the problem of the use of steam for the propulsion of ships. Moved to France in 1800, Fulton built and tested a submarine "Nautilus", which, in many respects, was similar to modern submarines.
In Paris, Fulton has created and the first model of the ship, flying at a speed of 7.5 km / h. He demonstrated it in 1803 on the Seine.
Inventions Robert Fulton were not supported by the Government of France, so in 1806 he returned to the U.S.. There Fulton built the paddle steamer "Clermont," which resulted in a steam engine with a capacity of 20 horsepower. In 1807, "Claremont" went to the first flight on the Hudson River from New York to Albany. From that time on the Hudson opened the constant motion of the ship.
Later Fulton has developed several wheel steamers, worked on the canal between New York harbor and the Great Lakes.
In 1815, Robert Fulton died.