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Karel Capek

( Writer ( 'Makropoulos'))

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Biography Karel Capek
photo Karel Capek
Karel Capek (Capek) was born January 9, 1890 in the male-Svatonevitse, died Dec. 25, 1938 in Prague.

He graduated from the Faculty of Philosophy University of Prague (1915). His works were published in 1907. Much of the early stories 1908-13 (included in the collections of 'Garden Krakonoе¦', 1918; 'Shining depth', 1916) written jointly with his brother J. Capek.

. The tragic events of 1-st World War, 1914-18 identified a strenuous search for Capek criterion of truth, . his reflections on the philosophical problems and the desire to open the source of the contradictions of life: collections of short stories 'Crucifixion' (1917), . 'Painful stories' (1921), . close to expressionism,
. Not taking the revolutionary struggle, Capek bowed to the moral and ethical humanism. Many of his works, including the lyrical comedy 'Rogue' (1920), constructed as a comparison of several 'truths'; Capek thinks like both multiple-choice, maintaining, however, his ethical ideal.

. World famous Capek brought socio-fiction works (drama 'R
. U. R. ', 1920 - the uprising of robots, the word' robot 'coined by Capek;' Makropoulos', 1922; novels' Factory of the Absolute ', 1922, and' Krakatit ', 1924).

In the early 20-ies. Capek creates travel essays' Letters from Italy "(1923) and 'Letters from England' (1924) and others, characterized by realistic concreteness shaped characteristics and lyrical humor.

In the 2 nd half of the 20's - early 30-ies. Capek approaches the T. G. Masaryk, with amplification in the consciousness of the writer of the bourgeois-democratic illusions in his work growing crises (play Capek brothers 'Adam-creator', 1927). Capek temporarily departs from the large social and political problems and conflicts, writes mostly humorous works of small genres (collections of 'Stories from one pocket', 'Stories from another pocket', two - 1929). Philosophical and humorous reinterpretation of known biblical stories is the book 'Apocrypha' (1932).

Aggravation of social contradictions and 'animal doctrine of fascism exposed to the Chapek failure thesis' every human in his own way'. Philosophical overcoming relativism reflected in the trilogy 'Gordubal' (1933), 'Meteor', 'Ordinary Life' (both - 1934). Top creative Capek - novel 'War with the Newts' (1936), . which traditional for his protest against the dehumanization of human relations translates into a satire on the life of bourgeois society, . Militarism, . on racial theory and politics of fascism,
. Anti-fascist and anti-war focus and the search for the ideal of 'whole person', able to fight, determined the content of the drama 'white disease' (1937), the novel 'First Rescue' (1937), the last play Capek 'Mother' (1938).

. Experiences Capek in connection with the Munich Agreement of 1938 and the persecution he suffered from the fascist and pro-fascist elements in the period of 'second republic', aggravated the illness of the writer, will hasten his death
. Creativity Capek had a significant impact on the development of modern social science fiction and was an outstanding contribution to the world's classic literature. In Czechoslovakia, there are two museums Capek: country house-museum 'On strzhi' and the memorial museum in his homeland.


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