Alexander Zatsepin( Music)
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Biography Alexander Zatsepin
Zatsepin Alexander was born March 10, 1926 in Novosibirsk in the family of a surgeon and teacher of literature. He graduated from music school, studying in parallel with the technical school. During military service, played the accordion, clarinet and balalaika in Song and Dance Ensemble of the Siberian Military District. In the early 50-ies Zatsepin moved to Kazakhstan and entered the Alma-Ata Conservatory, class composition, parallel governing amateur. His teacher was Evgeni Brusilovsky (1905-81) - (Kazakh composer, People's Artist of Kazakhstan. From the first Kazakh operas, orchestral works, together with Moukanov Tolebaevym and Latif Hamidi author anthem of Kazakhstan in 1944, 7 symphonies, etc.. Professor Alma-Ata Conservatory, USSR State Prize Laureate). After graduating from the conservatory A.S. Zatsepin in 1956 working concertmaster in Alma-Ata Philharmonic and began writing music for documentary films ...
In 1957, Alexander wrote the music for his first hudozhestvennymu film, they became musical comedy "Our Dear Doctor", Alma-Ata, studios, and the song "Above me the sky is blue" has become immediately popular. But the hour of triumph came a little later, when invited to work Zatsepina director Leonid Gaidai. We Gaidai at that time disagreed with the composer Nikita Bogoslovsky during joint work on the painting "Bootleggers", . He decided to seek another composer, and on the recommendation of athletic abilities, invited to work on the film "Operation" Y "AND OTHER ADVENTURES Shurik Alexander Sergeyevich. After the painting in 1966,
. became clear that the tandem Gaidai - Zatsepin - a 100 percent guarantee of success of the film, all the subsequent pictures have become classics of the domestic comedy. It should be noted, . Zatsepin that has always been at the forefront of creative experimentation, . arrangement of his music always been innovation and originality. Well, . and when the next joint in the film "The Caucasian Captive, . OR THE NEW ADVENTURES Shurik, . released in 1966, . movie characters sang songs to poems by Leonid Derbeneva ( "If I were a sultan" - performed by Yuri Nikulin and "Song about bears" - it recorded a singer Aida Vedishchev), . The whole country was singing these songs, . they become truly popular,
. Then there was the movie "White piano", . where a young Muslim Magomaev sang "Moonlight Serenade", . then followed by the immortal "Diamond Hand", . Here's how to write songs for this film tells the singer Aida Vedishchev: - "Just at this time on the screens released film" The Diamond Arm "and the tango," Help me! "sounded from each tape,
. I remember how does this record: I have just returned from a tour of the Far East - a time difference of ten o'clock. I can not come to. When you had to sing - I sleep, when to sleep - I sing ... And suddenly, almost at midnight - a call from the composer Alexander Zatsepin: - Aida, . urgently come to the studio, . all had their songs recorded, . left you alone! "I come and see this picture: on the floor is a large red carpet, . it settled down with a bottle of vodka, three and drink waiting for me: Yuri Nikulin (he just finished recording a song "And We do not care!" and he was already anyway!), . Andrei Mironov - after his "Islands of bad luck" and directed by Leonid Gaidai, . which we all "pass",
. They saw me: "Oh, Come on, come on, join us!" I say: "You do what the night brought here - to drink or sing? You must then finish it yourself, but I'm going to work." That's more than 30 years ago was born this legendary tango "Help me!"
. In 1969 the film "The Red Tent", . interesting fact, . it was a joint Soviet-Italian project, . music for which our party has written Zatsepin, . in the Italian version of the music was recognized by the world classic film music Ennio Morricone,
. 1971 - the film "12 Chairs. In 1973 - "Sannikov Land", songs from the movie "There's only an instant and it was all" have become classics, as well as however, and most of the songs Maitre. In the same year, together with Gaidai released film "Ivan changes his job", this film, I generally leave without comment - they are superfluous, I remind you only that the song "A Conversation with happiness" and "Meet With Love" from the movie.
. In the mid 70-ies was an acquaintance with Alla Pugacheva, . but it happened this way: "One musician, . I worked with, . - Remembers Alexander, . - Said to me, . so I went and listened to some hypnotherapy - it, . I think, . a concert of some amateur,
. I actually went. She sang there, "Sit-pookaem" and I'm very pleased. After the concert I met her and almost immediately offered to write a song for the movie. At that time Zatsepina already had his own home studio. Here is how this period Vitaly Yefimovich Claymont - people, . at that time worked with Zatsepin: - "At the end of 1973 and the patronage of George Garanian me as an arranger, invited to work great enthusiast of professional audio composer Alexander Zatsepin,
. In his home studio in domestic manufactured by skilled craftsmen with their equipment I rhythm section (bass, drums, guitar and keyboards) toiled around the clock. To record the eight (!) Tracks used a VCR tape transport mechanism - by the way, then precisely the width of the film became a problem when trying to remastering. Alexander was not only popular composer, but also an avid electronics hobbyist. Thus, the prevention of all its not an easy technique for the time he exercised his own practice. And it is in his studio, I arranged and recorded all the songs Zatsepin-Derbeneva composed of different films and performed Alla Pugacheva ". Alla came to his house, and they worked. Recorded songs for the film - "Good-bye, . Summer ", . "Love one to blame", . "The shaman's tambourine" and others for the movie "From center-skies" (1975), ,
. During the joint work had the idea to remove the musical film, Pugacheva has long been ready for this even dreamed film
. Leonid Derbenev acquainted with Allu screenwriter Anatoly Stepanov. He wrote the script. The result was a very bad psychological melodrama. But Allais was necessary is another - the musical film about a. Therefore the text three times corresponded. Film composer was Alexander Zatsepin. He wrote several songs, including those which became incredibly popular, "Who do not know, spreading rumors in vain ...". "I then asked Derbeneva change there words - says Alexander. - I thought that this chorus - "just like everyone else, like everyone else, like everyone else" - it sounds poorly. But Allah said that no, she is good at it ". Soon Zatsepin heard about that, now going to include songs obscure Boris Gorbonos. He began to find out more, and he was told that this is a young guy living in Lyubertsy. And the worst thing that he is paralyzed. But how can - wrote music. Sin is not to help such a person. Here's how obetom incident recalls Alexander: "Once Allah came to my studio to help write five songs that she composed. She said she wants to take them on the radio. Ostensibly for her, these songs were written by a young man by the name of a hooked nose, which is fated life confined to a wheelchair. After all, under his own name Pugacheva anyone could offer songs, they will not take - it is not a member of the Composers' Union. And no composer. I recorded her songs in his home studio. And I myself at that time worked on the soundtrack to "The woman who sings". And one day, arriving at the studio, learn from the assistant director in the film that Allah will perform several songs, some "Gorbonos. "So your music, and probably do not need," - told me. I resented. And not even because of jealousy of the talent "of a" hooked nose, but because Allah I said not a word about the intention to insert his own compositions in the film. I went to the head of the music department "Mosfilm" and wrote a letter of resignation from the picture. Like, you have a new great composer, so he let all the music and wrote. But this secret Pugacheva I did not disclose. It is understandable that the entire film crew imbued with reverence for the unfortunate invalid, and I was condemned, because I absolutely did not share the sympathies. But Directorate Mosfilm begged me not to get excited, promising that in the credits will appear on a my name, and Gorbonos mentioned in small print at the end. And in the film along with my hear songs written by Alia. Eventually, they found the true authorship. Names of all I just do not remember, but "the woman who sings" - one of them. Well with Alla since we have not cooperated.
- I am very offended by Alla for this deception ".
In a survey of readers of "Soviet screen" Alla Pugacheva has been recognized as the best actress in 1978. Goskino assigned the film "The woman who sings" third category "as the film that represents, to put it mildly, not the biggest concern for distributors, as the film, the doomed on rare club views. Movies journalists and critics of his wrecked. Nevertheless, the 1979 film Alexander Orlov, "The woman who sings" took 1 st place at the box and assembled at its sessions, 54.9 million. visitors. Such an audience in the Soviet Union had not yet collected any musical film.
In the same year he published musical "June 31," directed by Leonid Kvinikhidze. Loosely based on the book Dzh.B.Pristli, he became one of the first "not normal" music movies. His story is of a romantic love story of a medieval princess and a contemporary artist living in the early 21 century. The magnificent cast, witty monologues, great setting, like that you can characterize this innovative and bold for its time peak of the Soviet system now. It is in this movie, most fully revealed talent A.S. Zatsepin. For that time it was something unusual - surprisingly heartfelt and melodious music, . very original arrangements, . combine a mixture of different musical styles, . use of cult synthesizer Robert Arthur - Moog, . abundance of modulation effects, . as well as revolutionary for our country at that time the processing of sound: flanger, . fuzz, . wah-wah, etc.,
. According to the level of this work is in no way inferior to Western creations, even now, after many years, this music sounds very modern and relevant. Especially for recording the songs of the main character - Princess Melisenty - Alexander invites young talented singer from Ukraine Tatiana Antsiferova, , . Jeanne Christmas, . Larisa Dolina, . and for recording music maestro attracts a group of "Araks",
. All work was performed at the home studio Zatsepin, contrary to the information contained in the film credits. As the performers that the artists were invited to the Bolshoi Theater, . role of a court musician Lemisona performed Bolshoi soloist - Alexander Godunov, . who in 1979 emigrated to America, . stay in the States during the Bolshoi Theater in America,
. This fact predetermined the fate of the film - its premiere banned after 31 December 1978 and the brilliant music fell into disgrace. After the producer Taganka Lyubimov, in 1982, was not allowed back in the USSR, the song "The World Without Beloved" was regarded as provocative as the song "Zvedny Bridge" - Reagan's advocacy of "Star Wars". In 1981, the screens comes a new musical film entitled "Soul", . originally in this movie was supposed to play Pugacheva, . but after a falling out with Alexander Stefanovich, . the main role is invited Sofia Rotaru, . as well as in the painting group participated in the "Time Machine",
. Music for this film written by maestro Zatsepin, but the picture was not so successful as a "woman who sings."
What is happening could not be good for Alexander. Here is what he remembers: First wife, Svetlana, with whom we lived for 29 years and from which I had a daughter, died. It was a difficult period in my life. I'm sick of the endless carping. In my work always someone intervened: it is not so impossible. In the arrangement for the film "31 June" I was made more than 30 amendments. I was told that my music - it bottoms of capitalism, that all performers must be replaced, but the painting is better to ban. I'm just there has been a lucrative contract with an American firm, I had to write music for two films a year, but I was told that the Soviet composer must not work for the Americans. Near us lived a pianist who worked with his wife in a music school. Her husband, a Frenchman Alain, introduced me to his sister Geneviц¬ve. It seemed to him that we can find a common language. In Genevieve's fate, too, was uneasy: as a young man's father forbade her to marry a loved one, and in desperation she went to monastyr.Cherez twenty years, Genevieve, left the walls of the convent and came to his brother in Moscow. And then, when she came to Moscow from Paris, we talked to each other and soon signed the Griboedov zagse. And after the marriage going to the hotel "Cosmos", where she lived, and towards three in plainclothes. They stood in the doorway and asked to present a passport. I am in English explained to his wife, what they want. Genevieve decided that we are now arrested and with shaking hands, pulled from her purse their instruments. Seeing a foreign passport, we missed the inside. Fortunately, I did not have his passport to present, but it would have found exactly what fault. According to the laws of the USSR, I, even though her husband had no right to stay in a foreign hotel room, and she accordingly - in my apartment. We were not allowed to go to the House Ruza creativity, and in the House of creativity, in Ivanovo, I with great difficulty obtained permission. Moreover Genevieve several times at our airport searched, digging all the things in a suitcase. The French woman could not afford to stay long in this country, and so we decided a few months to live in Paris, then travel to Moscow, and then decide where to settle permanently. But OVIR said that for six months, as I wanted, a visa does not give, we must draw up documents for permanent residence. Familiar in OVIR explained: you can file a similar statement a year later again, but there is no guarantee that once again would not refuse ... And so it may refuse, and five and ten years ... But if you apply to say: I want a permanent place of residence, then may authorize leave immediately. I say: where is the logic? And her answer, do not look. No logic. I designed the. And so it went ...
- And what happened then?
- He lived in Paris for about five years. Then we parted with Geneviц¬ve. No, she's a wonderful woman, but we simply have different people. Probably say the language barrier - the French language, I knew not only English. And she, in turn, in English was not strong. So communicate. Besides, it turned out that we are diametrically opposed characters!
For example, I get up in the morning, I see: the sun is good, weather is great. I said: "This is wonderful, maybe today, somewhere went? Genevieve suddenly turns off the radio and tells me a cold tone: "Why did I stop you? Morning I used to listen to music when I eat breakfast".
The next morning, I am silent. It is to me with questions: "Why are you silent?" And such a change in mood ever. So all we have and ruined. But, though we remained friends. And even sometimes see each other.
Then began slowly come back. Why do I say "was"? Because me and a half years not allowed.
Now back to Russia. And, mind you, with a Soviet passport - I did not change citizenship, as a citizen of Russia, and remained so. My friend Alan, I remember all wondered: What a strange you order! Yes to me (he is about himself), for example, went to America, lived there for two years, and my French are not allowed in my home country? Brad!
. In general, I handed a statement to the consulate: going, they say, to return to live permanently in Russia
I gave the clerk all papers. "Oh, Alexander, - he said - two months later, everything will be OK".
I went two months later, in his place sits a different official. "You have been told to come in two months?
What are you, so there is no. Not less than a year will be ... "He opened a drawer, where his predecessor had put my statement - a statement there and lay there, no one anywhere and not sent. He came six months later - again nothing.
A year later - too. And only a half years, it was finally authorized ...
In Moscow, I lived for five years - from 86 th to 91 th year. Writing something. And then I was offered a job in England, Germany, commissioned music for films, and I'm on the fees in the 91-th year, bought a house near Paris, a small two-storey house with land of 30 hectare and a garden - 20 fruit trees. One private citizen from England has commissioned me to write some instrumental tracks. I wrote. "Person" is very well paid, and the money I bought a house. That has since lived there. Fortunately, then, times have changed. I could go back and began to live like two houses: I work in Moscow, and a break in France, where I have a good apartment and a large villa. I arrived for permanent residence. Now I have an apartment in Moscow and work.
- What were you doing in France?
-I wrote the music. Made a film in Germany, a few commercials at the invitation of Andrei Konchalovsky. But each country has its own musical preferences, its own culture and their stars. Roughly speaking, his clan, in which the part not to get. I worked in France with Philip Barak. He sang the song "Taxi, Taxi" - this is so, he heard our popular song "Just like everyone else" which she sang Pugacheva. Each country has its own performers, so to speak, the clan. That's how we, for example. I worked with Gaidai, and suddenly came to a different composer. By Gaydayev other simply would not have fallen. Just as I would not have fallen to Gaidai, if he had not quarreled with the theological. France to get to the famous film director or performer in the "clip" as hard as we. Those singers who are known in France, is not famous in Germany. Conversely.
In this article it is impossible to mention all the films, which wrote the music Alexander. However, I can not mention very nice music from the film "Captain Nemo" came out in 1975, and that he wrote music for cartoons from the series "Well, wait 'most famous multiplier Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Kotenochkin. In addition to music for films, was music to dramatic plays, operettas, symphony music, you can transfer up to infinity, mnogrannost his talent is unfathomable.
. Currently, Alexander is working on new songs with a poet Yuri Rogozin, co-authored which has already written more than 20 new songs
. In 2001, Igor Ugolnikova as a producer for the film "casus belli", wrote the music to which Zatsepin. In creative writing, music maestro plans more than a single movie. 18 and 19 January 2002 in the concert hall "Russia" held jubilee concerts, . confined to the 75 th anniversary (albeit a year), . the organizing committee of "Star Square" was established a memorial sign Honored Artist of Russia, . composer Alexander Zatsepin,
In the unanimous opinion of the authors page - Alexander Zatsepin - a unique composer, equal in our art very little. Listen to his music! It is so harmonious, unique and gives birth in the soul of the best feelings. This is the music of life.