Maksym Berezovsky( Music)
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Biography Maksym Berezovsky
Berezovsky, Maksym - a great composer. Born October 16, 1745, Mr.. in Glukhov, Chernigov province. He studied at the Kiev Theological Academy, arrived in St. Petersburg identified in court chapel, where he studied music at Tsoptsisa. At the court of Empress Elizabeth gave performances of Italian opera, in which participated, and Berezovsky, already at that time attracted the attention abilities of compositions and virtuoso playing the violin. In 1765, Mr.. Berezovsky was sent to the Academy of Bologna (Italy), where he studied under the guidance of the Senior Martini.
Works Berezovsky differ strict and beautiful style. Many music academy in Italy, Berezovsky was elected an honorary member, Bologna academy elevated him an honorary academicians. To this period of time is his opera "Demofon" written in the text of Metastasio for theater in the city of Livorno, it was a huge success. In Italy, Berezovsky wrote his best works: "Liturgy," concert "Otrygnu my heart," "Gloria," "Grace and sing the court you, Lord," "Communion" and others. They differ in accessibility, elegance and excellent artistic sense. The performance of them in Russia, Berezovsky has made a name famous and at home. When, in 1774, returned to Russia, Potemkin had offered him a place next music director of the academy, which is intended to establish in Kremenchug.
. Pending this appointment, Berezovsky was determined in the chapel, without any post, as all the higher and the best seats were in the hands of foreigners
. Meanwhile Potemkin forgot not only about Berezovsky, but also on the Academy. Desperate to get appropriate to his talent and knowledge of the place or at least promotion, Berezovsky fell into a dark depression. In March 1777, Mr.. he suffered delirium tremens, and in one of the attacks of the disease has committed suicide (22 March).
As a composer of sacred music, Berezovsky, together with Wedel, represents a new direction in partesnom singing. In his works less traces the influence of Italian music, writing for the Orthodox Church. Distinctive features of the works: a large freedom of voice in contrapuntal style, the artistic whole of the damage at the edges, a great finishing details, the connection of simplicity and elegance. Of the numerous works of Berezovsky, who remained in manuscript and kept many fans, only two, and then 50 years from the date of his death, had been issued the court chapel: "I Believe" and the classical concert "is not rejected mene during old age". Besides them, printed: "involved in the creating of an angel", "In eternal memory," "the cup of salvation," "In all the land begone broadcasting their". "From the manuscript of his works are known: the liturgy, the concert" Otrygnu Heart "," Mercy and sing the court, "" Gloria, "were involved:" Praise the Lord from heaven "," Blessed are elected ordeal "," No imams inyya Aid etc.