Fedor POLETAYEV( Guerrilla Resistance)
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Biography Fedor POLETAYEV
During the Second World War in the resistance movement in European countries participated in many of our compatriots who fled from Nazi concentration camps or forced labor. In Italy the number of Soviet citizens who participated in the guerrilla movement, was more than 5 thousand. Hero of the resistance here was Fedor Poletayev, better known by the guerrilla named Fedor Poetan.
Fedor Poletayev born May 14, 1909 in the village of Katina in Ryazan region. At 22, country kid was drafted into the army. Having been discharged, he began working in the collective farm smithy.
At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War Poletayev was again mobilized and sent to the 9 th Infantry Division. Summer 1942. Division was encircled, after which the wounded soldier was taken prisoner. I started two long years moving from one POW camp to another. So was he, after all, in Liguria (Italy).
The main city of Liguria - Genoa - was one of the centers of the partisan movement in the Apennines. Here, against the German invaders fought several brigades of the Resistance.
The summer of 1944 Poletayev together with a group of prisoners escaped, and soon became a fighter brigades "Orestes". Italians twisted his name in his own way - Poetan. Very disciplined, executive, strong, bold and surprisingly cool-headed Russian soldiers quickly gained the love and deep respect for the guerrilla.
In early 1945,. Germans decided to end the Ligurian guerrillas. They took a broad punitive operation. Near the town of Cantalupo fight broke out, it is very important for the fate of partisan formations located in this area. With partisans from the detachment, Nino Franco, among whom was Poletayev, blocked the road to the Germans. The strong pressure of several tens of patriots led punitive expeditions, with significant superiority in numbers, go on the defensive. They lay around the bend snow-covered road and hid in a standing nearby barn.
Loss of time for the guerrillas was tantamount to defeat: the enemy at any moment could come up reinforcements. And upright in the snow got powerful figure Poletaeva. He ran out on the road, firing a machine gun, and a loud, commanding voice ordered the punitive lay down arms. Arrived, the guerrillas. The confused Germans began to throw their arms and raise their hands. But one of them suddenly threw up his machine, and the bullet pierced the heart of the person to whom Ligurian guerrillas owed their salvation and victory, - the Russian soldier Fyodor Poletayev.
April 25, 1947, Mr.. Genoa meeting was held at which representatives of the Italian government gave the Soviet consul to send the family hero a gold medal for military valor "in the blue moire ribbon. On the reverse side of the gold disk was engraved his name - Theodore Alexander Poetan. Another award was a bronze five-pointed star - a sign of a fighter Garibaldiyskoy Partisan Brigade. Fedor Poletayev became the only foreigner - national hero of Italy.
However, the homeland of his exploits have learned only 15 years later, when the word "prisoner" for the powers that be stopped being synonymous with "traitor". Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of 26 December 1962. for heroism and courage, . displayed in the battles against the Nazis in the detachment of the Italian partisans during World War II, . Soviet Army Poletaev Theodore Andrianovich was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union,
Ashes Fedor Poletaeva rests in Genoa at the cemetery became. On the marble slab in an oval bronze laurel wreath from his picture and the inscription in gold letters: "Gold Medal. Alexander Poetan Fedor (Fyodor). Cantalupo, Liguria. 2 / 2 1945 ".
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