Victor M. Glushkov( Russia and Ukrainian Mathematics and Cybernetics)
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Biography Victor M. Glushkov
Victor Mikhaylovich Glushkov (1923-82), Russia and Ukrainian Mathematics and Cybernetics, founder of the Institute of Cybernetics of Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (1961) and the USSR (1964).
He graduated from the Novocherkassk Polytechnic Institute and parallel to an external physics and mathematics department of Rostov University. Already in the years of study he became interested in the problem of modeling cognitive processes on the computer. In 1956 he began working in the newly organized by the Computing Center of USSR Academy of Sciences in Kiev. In 1962 at the Center has organized and chaired by one of the country's first Institute of Cybernetics of Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (now the Glushkov).
Major works on theoretical and applied cybernetics: the theory of digital machines, the automation of computer design, the application of cybernetic methods in the national economy. On the basis of his new principles of building computers were set up machines KIEV, and Dnipro-2 series machines MIR, anticipating many of the features of personal computers appeared later.
Glushkov, first advanced the idea of paperless technology, consists in a single input to the computing device with its continuation and circulation in the databases. This would stop the flow of paper documents produced by hand, which are the source of all sorts of errors.
Contribution to the development of domestic Glushkov Cybernetics marked by many awards, including the Lenin Prize (1964), USSR State Prize (1968, 1977). In 1969 he was awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor.