Mieczyslaw Weinberg Samuilovich( Music)
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Biography Mieczyslaw Weinberg Samuilovich
Weinberg, Mieczyslaw Samuilovich (1919-1996), Russian composer. Born in Warsaw on December 8, 1919 the son of poor Jewish musician, a violinist who worked in the Jewish theater. In 1931-1939 he studied at the Warsaw Conservatory in piano Yu Turchinskogo. Autumn of 1939 he fled to the USSR, where he continued his training at the Minsk Conservatory, and graduated in 1941 and studied composition VA Zolotarev (student Rimsky-Korsakov). From 1943 he lived and worked in Moscow. In 1953, Weinberg had been arrested as a son-in AM Mikhoels on charges of Jewish nationalism, released a few months, largely due to the intervention and support of Dmitry Shostakovich, . friendship which was associated with Weinberg's life; rehabilitated after Stalin's death,
In the history of music 20 in. Weinberg came primarily as symphonies, successor of the creative principles of Shostakovich, and as an opera composer. His music organically fused features of different national cultures - Polish, Jewish, Moldavian and Russian. He is author of 26 symphonies (including four chamber) and 7 operas. Many of his works are imbued with the humanistic pathos opposition to fascism, . reflection of the tragic disasters of modern history: the cantata Diary of Love (1965), . devoted to children, . perished in Auschwitz; Eighth Symphony Flowers of Poland (1964) and the Ninth Symphony surviving lines (1967), . both the texts of the Polish poet Tuwim, . Requiem for soprano, . chorus and orchestra (1967); symphonic trilogy crossed the threshold of war (1986); Opera Passenger (1968) - the largest of the stage works of Weinberg, . created by order of the Bolshoi Theater, . but not delivered; opera Madonna and soldier (1975),
. Among the operas to be called and the following: Zosia (1970), . Love D'Artagnan (1972, . staged in 1975 in Moscow), . Mazltov [ 'Congratulations'] (by Sholom Aleichem, . 1983, . staged in Moscow), . Portrait (after Gogol, . 1983, . placed in Brno), . Idiot (by Dostoevsky, . 1986, . staged in 1991 in Moscow),
. Among other stage works of children's ballet The Golden Key (1955, 2 nd edition 1962, raised in Moscow), operetta Golden Dress (1980). Steven Weinberg - author of chamber-instrumental music, sonatas for various instruments, some 100 songs, including cycles of poems Tuwim Acacia, Gypsy Bible, old letters, words in blood, the music for dramatic plays and films (of about. 70), including tigers Tamer (1955), The Cranes Are Flying (1957), Winnie the Pooh cartoons, holidays Boniface.
Weinberg awarded the title of Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1971), People's Artist of the RSFSR (1980), he - USSR State Prize Laureate (1990). Weinberg died in Moscow on February 27, 1996.