Averincev Prokofiev( Russian philologist, cultural studies, bibleist, translator)
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Biography Averincev Prokofiev
Averintsev, Sergei Sergeyevich (1937-2004), Russian philologist, cultural studies, bibleist, translator. Born December 10, 1937 in Moscow in the professorial family. In 1961 he graduated from the classical department of the Philological Faculty of Moscow State University, in 1967 defended his Ph.D. dissertation on Plutarch and ancient biography: On the spot classics of the genre in the history of the genre (the Lenin Komsomol Prize, 1968; publ. 1973). Combining a keen interest in the text with the universal erudition and literary criticism analyticity, explored the various strata of Europe, in t.ch. Christian culture - from antiquity to modern times, making a number of original historical and literary and theoretical discoveries (Article Philology in Short Literary Encyclopedia, t. 7, Moscow, 1978, the New Testament, Theism, Theocracy, Christianity, Eschatology, and many. dp. in Philosophical Encyclopedia, vols. 4, 5, Moscow, 1967, 1970; archetypes, Christianity, etc.. Encyclopedia of Myths of the peoples of the world, . M., . 1987-1988; monograph Poetics early Byzantine literature, . 1977, . protected as a doctoral dissertation, numerous articles, . on Greek and Middle Eastern literature and aesthetics); translations of the ancient (in t.ch,
. Byzantine, . Latin and Syrian) and contemporary authors (mostly from the German language - Friedrich Holderlin, . H. Hesse, . G. Trakl), . articles in encyclopedias and academic journals about Spengler, . J. Maritene, . K. G. Junge and J. Huizinga, . chapters in collective works History of Byzantium, . History of World Literature, etc., . conceptual articles, reviews at the crossroads of literary traditions, . 1973; the fate of European traditions in an era of transition from antiquity to the Middle Ages, . 1976; etc.,
. By MN. articles on Russian poetry - Vyach.I.Ivanove, . VA Zhukovsky, . Osip Mandelstam, . Alexander Pushkin (in comparison with the JW Goethe), . which, . along with the development of the principles of formal analysis of 'members of OPOIAZ', . distinct tendency to the definition of the postulate of personal responsibility of the artist and thinker in the 'objective' cultural era,
Since 1987 Averincev - Corresponding Member of USSR Academy of Sciences (1991 - RAS), USSR State Prize Laureate (1990) and Russia (1996). In 1989-1991 member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. In a sharp controversy 'neoslavyanofilov' and 'neozapadnikov' rejected the extremes of both positions, proposing, in a kind of inheritance of the teachings of St. Augustine, the thesis about the future of Christianity as the moral strength of the minority. He writes poetry (from the 1980's - the spiritual, oriented to European folklore and poetry: Imitation Claudel, and others).
Died Feb. 21, 2004 in Vienna, where he taught courses.