Garrett ALMEIDA Joao Baptista da Silva Leitö¸o( Portuguese writer and statesman)
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Biography Garrett ALMEIDA Joao Baptista da Silva Leitö¸o
ALMEIDA Garrett, Joao BAPTISTA DA SILVA LEITö¬O (Almeida Garret, Joo Baptista da Silva Leito de) (1799-1854), Portuguese writer and statesman. Born Feb. 4, 1799 in Porto. Youth held for about. Terceira (Azores), where his family moved after the Napoleonic troops in Portugal. In 1816-1821 he studied law at the University of Coimbra. In 1823, with the abolition of a democratic constitution in 1822, was banished and lived in England and France. After returning to Portugal in 1836, served as inspector general of theaters, the chief chronicler, was a member of parliament and Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 1851 he was granted the title Viscount
. His early works, . such, . as drama Merope (Merope) and Cato (Cato, . 1820), . Anacreontic ode and poem Portrait of Venus (O Retrato de Venus, . 1821), . poems from the collection of Lyric Joan Min (Lyrica de Joo Minimo, . 1829), . conditioned in the manner of pseudo -,
. However, in the years of exile in the Almeida impressed creations and ideas romantic. His first major poem by Camö¦es (Cames), written by white verse, was published in exile in 1825. This rough piece painted in distinctive colors saudade (port. - Grief, which the Portuguese believe the hallmark of the national character), and patriotism, echoed later in the poem Dona Branca (Dona Branca, 1826). The same reasons he was looking for and among the treasures of popular poetry, collected in volumes Romanseyro (Romanceiro, 1851-1853). By the end of life Almeida once sang of love and sorrow in a poetic collection of Fallen Leaves (Folhas cahidas, 1852), where there are poems of striking beauty. His two-volume novel Arch of St. Anne (O Arco de Sant'Anna, 1846; rus. translated 1985) reveals a strong influence in schools. Scott. Besides him, he left only one completed prose work - a trip to his homeland (Viagens na minha terra, 1846), a collection of autobiographical notes, opinions, impressions and sketches.
Almeida Garrett worked tirelessly to lay the groundwork for a national drama - he wrote about the theater, created a number of original works for the stage. In search of the object image, he again appealed to the national history and in the plays of Gilles Vicente Auto (Auto de Gil Vicente, . 1838), . Don Felipe de Villena (Dona Filipa de Vilhena, . 1840), . Armorer of SantaröLm (O Alfageme de Sanarm, . 1841) and the niece of the Marquis (A Sobrina do marqus, . 1848) sought to update the dramatic tradition of the Portuguese last 300 years,
. Undoubtedly, his best drama - Brother Luiz de Sousa (Frei Lus de Sousa, 1844).