Babaevskiy Semen Petrovich( Writer)
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Biography Babaevskiy Semen Petrovich
Babaevskiy, Semyon Petrovich (1909-2000), Russian writer. Born on May 24 (6 June) 1909 in s.Kune Kharkov province in a poor family. He graduated from primary school. One of the founders and secretary of the Komsomol cell Makovsky farm in the Kuban (1925), an active participant in motion the elimination of illiteracy, in the period of collectivization in charge of the hut reading room. With 16 years of writing stories (Thresher - of wrecking kulaks), under the influence of art and biography of Gorky determined to become a writer. In May 1929 in Rostov newspaper 'Rural Plowman' published under the pseudonym of 'Temperance' story brought Vodka. After the course promoters (Armavir, 1930) worked in the press; externally passed secondary school examinations. The first major publication - sat. stories "Pride" (Pyatigorsk, 1936), the cycle of "The Kuban Stories" (1937).
In 1939 he graduated from Literary Institute. Maxim Gorky, was a traveling correspondent for 'The Young Leninist' and 'Stavropol Pravda. During the Great Patriotic War was in the Kuban Cavalry Regiment (Prince. Cossacks at the front, Joint. with E. Kapievym, . 1942), . worked in the division, . after front-line newspaper 'Red Army soldier', . published short stories and novels "through the village" (1940), . "White Mosque" (1943), . "Goose Island" (1944), . "Sisters" (1945), . addressed to the lives of contemporaries, and imbued with the idea of continuing the beneficial intervention of party functionaries, not only in the activities, . but in the privacy of farmers (the story Yaman Dzhalga, . 1940, . where to keep his beloved wife kolkhoznik assists Secretary of the Communist, . etc.),
This fame Babayevsky with duologue a Cossack "(kn. 1-2, 1947-1948, the State Prize, 1949) and "Light on the land" (kn. 1-2, 1949-1950, National Award for both books, 1950, 1951), officially recognized the best work on the front, orchestrating the rise in post-war village. Dilogii novels have been translated into many languages of the country and the world, "a Cossack" filmed and staged, in his explanation of established opera
. Nevertheless, even in the 1950's novels Babayevsky considered an exemplary embodiment of 'varnishing reality "and the theory of lack of conflict in the literature (despite repeated statements Babayevsky on a real basis, and prototypes)
. Weaknesses especially clearly manifested in the novel "The light over the earth, and from then on sustained political engagement has never helped Babayevsky gain acceptance of criticism and reader popularity (novel" The Friends ", 1955; kn. Sketches branches of the old elm tree: From the Chinese Diary, . 1957; 'ottepelnye' novels "The child revolt", . 1961, . and "dear one edge", . 1964; 'antivolyuntaristsky', . taking into account the criticism of Khrushchev, . novel "White Light", . 1967-1968; dedicated employees of the Soviet and party apparatus novel "Contemporaries", . 1973; telling about the reforms in the countryside novel "The Cossack", . 1971-1976; novels about the symptoms of social change "Freedom", . 1980, . and "How to live?", . 1983; Sat,
. stories and novels "Kindness", 1989, defending a thesis about the special humanity of people lost a socialist society).
Died Babaevskiy in the 91st year of life, March 28, 2000