BUNIN Anna Petrovna( Poet)
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Biography BUNIN Anna Petrovna
Bunin, Anna Petrovna (1774-1829), Russian poet. Born 7 (18) January 1774 in s.Urusovo Ryazhskoe County Ryazan Province. Comes from the ancient noble family, which belonged to VA Zhukovsky, and IA Bunin. As a child she wrote poetry, first published work - the prose piece "Love" (1799). Thanks brother, a sailor IP Bunin, entered the literary circles, where, in particular, enjoyed the support of PI Shalikova. Since 1806 printed poems in the magazines 'Moscow Courier', . 'Amateur literature', etc., and in 1808-1809 published an abridged translation of "Rules of the poetry of the French theorist of late classicism C. Butt, . with the application of the rules of Russia stoposlozheniya, . and translation of the 1 st part of the poetic treatise N. Boileau Poetic Art "(under the name,
. Science of Prosody, completed in 1821).
Collection of original poetry Bunin, the first prominent Russian poet, "inexperienced muse" (h. 1-2; 1809) called the approval of the literary masters, in t.ch. The Derzhavin, . I. Dmitrieva, . Ivan Krylov (read out in 1811 at a meeting of 'Conversations lovers Russian word', . honorary member of which the poet was in the same year, . Bunina mock-heroic poem "The Fall of Phaeton", . One of the subjects Metamorphoses of Ovid), and especially Shishkov 'extraordinary gift ..,
. represent the state of his soul '. In 1811 Bunin published prose "Rural evening," in 1812 - the patriotic poems, inspired by the Napoleonic War. In 1815-1817 was treated in England, and her letters from there (not preserved), according to eyewitnesses, the depth and subtlety of observation, total Sentimental tone reminiscent of "Letters of a Russian Traveler" NM Karamzin. In 1817 published a translation of the drama Madame St. O.Zhanlis "Hagar in the desert, in 1823 in the 'ladies' magazine' poem" Middle "and" K.N.P <uchkovo> d ". Russia Academy of Sciences at its own expense (taking into account the difficulty of the material conditions of Bunin) issued its "Collected Poems" (Tm. 1-3, 1819-1821). 1 reviewing the first volume, VK Kiichelbecker identified therein verse "May walk ill," "The reproach to a friend", "Spring", "The young Pollux," "On separation," "Denial", naming the other reviews' strong and live 'poetry Bunina. Called by many 'Russian Sappho' (partly because of addiction to classical poetry, . Bunin is often imitated), . poet left in the genres of poetry as a philosophical meditations and hymns, . singing 'feats of husbands', . killed at Borodino, . and soulfully intimate -, . chamber lyrics, . often deviate from typical poetic language Bunina heaviness, . archaic and rhetorical (the result of proximity to the 'Conversation' and the reason for revocation of ironic Bunina some satires of Alexander Pushkin), . winning sincerity of feelings, . biographical certainty, . relaxed jocularity,
From 1823 she lived with relatives in Denisovka, seriously ill. In 1829 published a translation of 17 moral and philosophical discussions of the Scottish writer and religious preacher H. Blair. In 1831 in the 'ladies' magazine' (? 2) were published excerpts from the confessions, wills Bunina.
Bunin died in s.Denisovka Ranenburgskogo County Ryazan Province. 4 (16) December 1829.