ASEEV Boris Pavlovich( The scientist, inventor, engineer)
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Biography ASEEV Boris Pavlovich
Aseev Boris Pavlovich - PhD, professor of the Moscow Electrotechnical Institute of Communications, Major-General, Stalin prize-winner of the first degree, born November 20 (3 December) 1901. He studied at the First Moscow gymnasium, then in 1918. entered the Moscow School of Radio personnel. Boris Pavlovich was drafted into the Red Army.
From 1919 to 1927. He worked his way from the simple to the Red Army instructor refresher courses commanders of the Red Army in Moscow. In 1920, Mr.. passed the external examinations at the Moscow College of Communication, received the title of Radio Engineering. Almost without interruption entered the correspondence department of the Moscow Higher Technical School. In 1927, Mr.. B. P. Aseev was transferred to serve in Leningrad, where up to 1937. taught at the Training Courses composition at the Leningrad military school.
In 1929, Mr.. it after passing all the exams were awarded the title of electrical engineer. Over the course developed by the "lamp generators and transmitters," in 1930. B. P. Aseyev the scientific degree of candidate of technical sciences. From 1931 to 1934. teaching activities of Boris Pavlovich was held at Military Academy. F. E. Dzerzhinsky and C. M. Budenny.
Since August 1934. begins the most fruitful stage of military service and scientific activity of B. P. Aseeva in Moscow in the newly established research institute of communication engineering the Red Army (NIITS SC). He was chief of the scientific department, and then as chief engineer and deputy director of the Institute for Science. At the same time until June 1941. B. P. Aseev Acting Chief Engineer radio Commissariat for Communications (NCC) of the USSR.
The Chinese say: "Do not forget about the past, it is - a teacher of the future". All the activities of B. P. Aseeva can serve as an excellent example of the attitude to work for us and future generations. Goethe, who wrote "Faust" at the age of 80 years, claimed: "In the act - the beginning of life". B. P. Aseev for their acts must take its place alongside such well-known scientists as C. P. Korolev, N. A. Pilyugin, A. I. Berg in. A. Kotelnikov, etc.. Up to a certain time of his discoveries, inventions and even daily activities have been covered with a veil of secrecy. But now it's time to open the world's scientific community the most important research and development carried out under the direction of B. P. Aseeva. Of the large number of his works mention the most, in our opinion, significant.
First and foremost the importance of providing reliable radio crew. P. Chkalov G. D. Baydukova and A. V. Belyakov, committed non-stop flights in 1936-1937. on the route Moscow - on. Porkala Udd (currently, this island is named after Valery Chkalov) and over the North Pole in the U.S.. In those days it was a unique example of direct radio communication with the aircraft at such great distances, especially given the low power radio station, which was on board. Boris Pavlovich calculated and organized with the help of first-class amateur radio operators from the Moscow Electrotechnical Institute of Communications and military radio operators continuous communication with the crew in. P. Chkalov throughout many hours of flight.
In the period from 1934 to 1952. unfolded multi-faceted and very fruitful work B. P. Aseeva as a scientist and a great organizer in the NCC and the Military Institute. In 1937-1941. Boris Pavlovich, together with other experts of the People's Commissariat of Communications and Ministry of Defense (DoD) is engaged in equipping the newest equipment for the time of reception and transmission centers NCC and MO.
. Another very significant work was done under the direction of B
. P. Aseeva during the Spanish Civil War (1936) a team NIITS, which included P. Z. Vagapov, I. S. Kozlov,. G. Tutorsky etc.. Approximately six months was created whole range of portable easily installed in different conditions of short-wave transmitters from 30 to 100 watts. From October 1936 to August 1937. This was equipped with a portable transceiver apparatus forty-Soviet and Spanish ships sent to military equipment and specialists from the Soviet Union in Republican Spain. In contrast to the ship's transmitters working at a frequency of 6 MHz, transmitters NIITS could be tuned to any frequency in the range of 5 to 16 MHz.
In 1940. specialists under the leadership of the NCC B. P. Aseeva developed a specification for the design and construction of the most powerful in Europe and the world's only dual-band radios operating simultaneously in long and medium wave. Construction of the radio station was completed in 1943, and the state commission for its acceptance in the operation was headed by Boris Pavlovich. For this work without defending a thesis B. P. Aseyev was awarded the degree of doctor of technical sciences.
In 1940-1941. group of prominent Soviet specialists in the H. N. Ivanov, M. P. Margolin, AND. K. Nevyazhskogo and L. M. Fink led by B. P. Aseev created a unique device to powerful transmitters that allowed up to a phase adjust to the German broadcasting station. In this device all of these specialists in 1942. received the Stalin Prize, first class.
. In the book "Radio in the days of the war" (M., . Arts, . 1982), former editor of the German department of the Moscow Radio, . and later Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Democratic Republic of Germanskoy Richard Giptner recalls, . as they could within minutes to cross it, . that clock Nazi propagandists asserted: "Here speaks on radio Goebbels,
. Crucified on the heroism of the Nazi soldiers fighting "as the ancient Greeks at Thermopylae". As soon as the Minister completes his false speech pathetic cries, as millions of Germans hear from loudspeakers quiet, somewhat monotonous voice: "Every seven seconds in Russia killed a German soldier. Herr Goebbels said twenty minutes, during this time in Russia, killing 170 soldiers in the German Army. Among them could be your husband, brother, son. Down with Hitler's war! ". The effect of such transfers has been remarkable.
In 1939-1940. under the direction of B. P. Aseeva was established small-sized radio station "North" (the chief designer of radio stations - B. A. Mikhalin, active participation in the development to take. V. Kacharskaya IN. V. Pokrovsky and other staff NIITS SC). By the beginning of the war Institute produced dozens of radio stations and sent to the military districts to test its performance in real. The radio station was commended military intelligence, and the beginning of the war it was decided to begin mass production "of the North" in Leningrad.
. Radio was unique in its portability (weight transceiver - about 2 kg), self-catering and the opportunity to work in a smooth range
. In the besieged city by the end of 1942. produced about 2000 radio stations in the month for them to guerrilla groups and the intelligence groups behind enemy lines to work more than 3000 scouts.
. The role of Radio North in the Great Patriotic War rightly been compared with the appearance in the Red Army's famous rocket and artillery installations "Katyusha"
. Many of the commanders of armies, fronts, going to the inspection visit to the operating units, were taken from a radio operator with Severka "as affectionately called it a miracle of technology in the army. For comparison, the troop radio of this class of power sources (manual transmission) weighed about 50 kg and is served by two soldiers.
. Wireless operator with the radio station "North" and ensured the success of combat operations, the famous guerrilla A
. S. Kovpaka A. F. Fedorova and. N. Bans and the vast majority of smaller guerrilla forces and intelligence teams operating in the rear of the German fascist troops. The German command had promised a high reward to those who seize the radio station "North" along with the radio operator. It could not be any punitive detachment, as well as radio operators, even when wounded, time to destroy or undermine the station itself along with it.
. One of the famous Soviet spies of the time since spoke about the role of the radio station "North": "You can be three times the brave and lucky, . obtain important information about the enemy, . but if you do not have this little radio, . placed in a suitcase, . - All your efforts turn into zero,
. That's what it means for us, the scouts, the radio station "North".
Marshal of the Soviet Union in. D. Sokolovsky, in the preface to the story in documentary. Kudryavtseva City should not die, "warmly commending the exploits of military intelligence, who saved the Polish city of Krakow from destruction, particularly highlighted the young radio operator detachment Liza Vologda, the chief weapon was the radio station" North ".
. Along with the above multi-faceted scientific and organizational activity B
. P. Aseev from 1935. June 1941. lectured to students of the Moscow Electrotechnical Institute of Communications (MEIS) of the course "Fundamentals of Radio Engineering". For a long and fruitful activities in schools in 1939. he was awarded the academic title of professor of the Department of Radio Engineering. Teaching B. P. Aseeva in various educational institutions of Leningrad and Moscow resulted in a number of textbooks and monographs.
. Among the most well-known at the time and enjoyed great popularity it should be noted the book: "Cathode and electronic lamps" (1927-1930 gg.), . "Electromagnetic oscillations in circuits with distributed constants''(1934), . "Vibrational chain" (1936, . 1938, . 1955.), . Foundations of nonlinear radio engineering "(1943), . "Fundamentals of Radio Engineering" (1947), . "Phase Relations in the radio" (1951, . 1954, . 1959.),
. All textbooks Aseeva methodically very well thought out and well constructed, which allowed readers to move progressively from simple to more complex issues. The monograph "Fundamentals of Radio Engineering, reprinted in China, Romania and other countries.
Note that the book B. P. Aseeva "Fundamentals of nonlinear radio engineering" was a truly pioneering work, in which for the first time in the world was shown the acute need for and importance of nonlinear oscillation theory to the solution of specific problems of radio engineering.
. Along with intensive educational and scientific-organizational activities of Boris Pavlovich participated actively in public life: in 1931-1934 he
. He was a deputy Volodarskogo District Council Leningrad and worked as a member of the Bureau of Industrial Section, and in 1939-1946 he was. it - a deputy of the Moscow City Council of People's Deputies.
. Boris Pavlovich actively collaborated with the most famous scientific and technical journals of the country: he criticized the article in Izvestia elektropromyshlennosti weak currents "and" Telecommunications ", . and in the magazine "Radio communication" was the author and a member of the editorial board since the beginning of publication (1945) and in 1962,
. All the above shows the versatility and diversity of talent B
. P. Aseeva. The creator of one of the important areas - special radio equipment, he deservedly occupies a worthy place in the history of radio engineering and radio electronics in our country.