VASSILIEVA Elizabeth I.( Poet, playwright, translator)
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Biography VASSILIEVA Elizabeth I.
Vasilyeva, Elizaveta Ivanovna (1887-1928), Russian poet, playwright, translator. Born on March 31 (12 April) 1887 in St. Petersburg in impoverished noble family Dmitrievs (by that name published till 1909 his works). His father, a middle school teacher, soon died of tuberculosis, doomed and Vasiliev in childhood and early adolescence to severe disease (its consequences - lameness - remained a poet for life). She graduated from St. Petersburg Women's Pedagogical Institute (1904-1908), while studying at the Sorbonne (1908).
Printed in 1909 (their own poems and translations). In the same year, together with NS Gumilev came to g.Koktebel (Crimea) to the MA Voloshin, . with which invented a pseudonym Cherubina de Gabriak, . under which, . starting with a speech in 1909 in the journal 'Apollo', . began to publish the mystical-philosophical poems, . full of religious and romantic exaltation and 'Spanish' exotics, . making in the literature 'Silver Age' image of exquisite beauty, . belonging to an ancient heraldic family and self-seclusion of the will of the despot-father,
. A few months later the heroine of a hoax (the subject of love not only Gumilev and Voloshin, . but also - in absentia - editor and publisher of 'Apollo' SK Makovsky) was, . due to negligence of recognition, . 'exposed' and began to write poetry under the name Dmitrieva, . and from 1911, . after marriage, . under the name of spouse (most of them during his lifetime Vasilyeva not published),
. At the same time the poet became involved in anthroposophy, in connection with which many traveled to Russia, also went to Switzerland, Finland and Germany and made friends with the founder of the doctrine, the German thinker Rudolf Steiner
. In the early 1920's with Vasilyeva S.YA.Marshaka organized in Krasnodar, a children's theater, . writing for his panto, . sometimes - in collaboration with Marshak, . Vice whose literary repertoire of Petrograd Spectators she became, . on the recommendation of the poet, . since 1922,
. 'One of the most fantastic and sad figure in Russian literature', . to identify Alexei Tolstoy, . Vasilyeva from the 1920's has successfully dealt with translations from Spanish and Old French (many of those of her works are still unsurpassed),
. In 1926 worked in the library of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, in 1927, exiled to the Urals, then moved to Tashkent, where, under the name of a fictional Chinese poet Li Hsiang-tzu in the cycle semistishy "Little House under the pear tree," expressed the depth of anguish of exile.
Vassiliev died in Tashkent on Dec. 5, 1928.