Borodich Sergey( Scientific and developer of domestic microwave systems and satellite)
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Biography Borodich Sergey
. Scientist and developer of domestic microwave systems and satellite
. Sergey Borodich was born July 27, 1914 in the village Podushkino Zvenigorod district of the Moscow province in the family of the schoolteacher
. His mother also was a teacher. He was the second child in the family.
The children received a good education, and both subsequently chosen path in life science-related. Sam Sergei became a doctor of technical sciences, professor, his older sister for many years taught philology at Moscow State University and also had the rank of professor.
. His father died in 1928, and Borodich because of material difficulties in the family in the same year after the seven years was forced to do on special electrical engineering courses
. After the course, he spent three years (1932-1934) worked in the All-Union Electrotechnical Institute (VEI) of office equipment electrical. In those years, this institution was one of the leading scientific institutes of the USSR, where, in particular, developed the problem of television and VHF communication. It worked for a number of prominent Soviet scientists - known expert in the field of television, Professor P. V. Shmakov, a researcher in the field of radio wave propagation Academy B. A. Vvedensky and others.
. Nature has endowed Sergei Vladimirovich talent, but the family has instilled hard work and desire for knowledge and creativity.
. In 1935 Borodich entered Moscow Institute of Engineers of communication, which has successfully finished in 1940 - he received a diploma in electrical engineering in radio communications with honors.
. The young engineer was sent to work in the antenna laboratory in the Central Research Institute of Communications (ZNIIS), . only in those years of departmental research institute of the Ministry of Communications, . which dealt with problems as wired, . and radio,
. In this laboratory he worked until 1941 - before the Great Patriotic War.
In the prewar period Borodich operates under the direction of B. P. Terentyev - famous Soviet scientist and engineer in the field of transmitters, is engaged in theoretical and experimental studies of different transmitters and antennas for "cardioid reception.
. In 1941, Sergei Vladimirovich called to active duty, . where he will serve until the final victory over Nazi Germany, . occupying positions in the army, first commander radiovzvoda, . then assistant chief of the Radiocommunication Infantry Division,
. He takes part in battles against the German invaders.
. This period of life marked by Sergei Vladimirovich combat awards: two orders of the Patriotic War "(II degree - 1943; I degree - 1944) and the Medal" For Victory over Germany "(1946)
. In 1945, at the request Commissariat for Communications Borodich was discharged and went to work in the laboratory VHF ZNIIS senior engineer.
. Certainly, the war for five years delayed the formation Borodicha as a scientist, but the fate of his vital path was, apparently, is predetermined
. In 1946, Sergey became a graduate student, while working a research assistant in the same laboratory. Under the direction of B. P. Terentyev he is developing a transmitting device dvenadtsatikanalnoy terminal equipment operating in the range of microwaves (UHF) - a prototype of the first domestic radio relay stations.
. At the end of 1949, on the basis of several laboratories ZNIIS, . dealing with radio, . Ministry of Communications will organize a new research institute SRI-100, . who since 1964 and now called the Scientific Research Institute of Radio (NIIR),
. In this institution, which currently is one of the leading scientific institutes of the country's radio and translated from. V. Borodich.
In 1949 completed the first period of professional activity Sergei Vladimirovich, he is finalizing a Ph.D. dissertation defense which passes in the Moscow Energy Institute in early 1951. The dissertation Borodicha were performed rigorous scientific research related not only with the creation of transmitters, but with deep theoretical design issues when creating new types of microwave transmission in the UHF. They held, in particular, studies of noise immunity of signal reception radio relay systems with time division multiplexing with pulse-time and pulse-code modulation.
. In many countries, especially in the United States after the war began to develop intensively relay communications
. The development potential of this type of communication in the Soviet Union with its vast area was very large, and its development, the Government attaches great importance.
. Attempts by the Ministry of Communications ordered the development and manufacture of equipment of multi-channel radio relay line of sight to the civil organizations of the Ministry of Industry of communication were not successful, . because these organizations were overwhelmed by defense orders,
. Ministry of Communications is charged with developing NIIRadio, which in 1951 organized a laboratory microwave transmission. This laboratory was headed by P. V. Borodich, and in 1958 at its base was organized by the department, which he led for fifteen years.
. Under the leadership of Sergey Vladimirovich in 1951-1956 years was developed by the first home equipment RRL with frequency division multiplexing and frequency modulation (FM-UL) Strela-P ", . Strela-M "and" Strela-T for transmission 24-channel telephony and television.,
. Using this equipment have been established first in the USSR, RRL (Moscow - Schelkovo, Moscow - Ryazan, Moscow - Tula, etc.
In 1956-1958 with. V. Borodich led the development of domestic equipment with UL-FM radio relay second generation R60/120, which can pass up to one hundred and twenty telephone channels, as well as television signals. This equipment is widely used in the creation of a network RRL in the USSR and on some lines it worked until the mid 80-ies.
Click here for detail of the first and second generations working in the frequency range of 2 GHz. These RRL provided immediate needs of the country in the lines of long-distance telephone service and in bringing CCTV programming in most major regional and republican centers of the country.
. In the early 50-ies opened a new mechanism for UHF propagation over long distances - tropospheric scatter
. Studies in the United States, Britain and the USSR, showed the possibility of a multichannel tropospheric RRL (TRRL), which, unlike the RRL line of sight, the length of the passage between adjacent stations can reach up to 400-800 kilometers. For the economically and strategically important regions of Siberia and the Far North with a very low population density and poor development of all types of communications construction TRRL in the mid 50-ies it was extremely important and promising.
. Development of 60-channel equipment TRRL first generation "Horizon-M", . where multi-channel telephony signals transmitted using FM and applied a four-fold diversity reception (twice the frequency and twice in space) was carried out in 1959-1965 under the direct supervision of P,
. V. Borodicha. This equipment was built a network of "North", providing reliable telephone towns of the USSR, located beyond the Arctic Circle, in the areas of Kamchatka and the Far East. Until that time, very unreliable communication was maintained with them through two-and four-KB lines or, in some cases, with lines ionospheric and meteor scattering.
For the development of radio relay equipment and TRRL C. V. Borodich in 1953 was awarded a professional sign Honorary radio operator, in 1954 - the medal "For Labor Valor", and in 1966 - the Order of Honor. In 1955 he was awarded the title of "Master of Communications.
In parallel with the development of microwave equipment Borodich, after defending his doctoral dissertation is actively pursuing research. From 1954 to 1967 he published his major, . become classic theoretical articles, . which develops a methodology for calculating harmonic distortion of multichannel telephone signals, . due to the passage of FM signals through the various elements of the high-frequency microwave communications systems tract,
. This technique is widely used by specialists in the design of equipment RRL and TRRL. Studies with. V. Borodicha included in handbooks and textbooks on microwave and satellite communications, published in the USSR. In 1967 he defended his doctoral thesis, generalizing the results of his fifteen years of research in microwave communications.
In 1968, the Director NIIR Professor A. D. Fortushenko appoints C. V. Borodicha his first deputy for science - in this position, he worked for twenty years. Since 1968, his interests focus mainly on problems of development of satellite communications, although the problems of development of new generations of RRL and TRRL remained in his field of vision, and he continued to supervise conducted by the Institute develop. In 60-ies the Hungarian and Soviet experts jointly preparing a project for radio-relay equipment "Friendship". Direct the project with. V. Borodich. For successful work done in 1969, it awarded the Hungarian Order of Labor Golden Degrees.
With. V. Borodich as Chief Designer oversaw the creation of the receiving and transmitting equipment for ground stations of satellite communication lines, operating on the Moscow-Vladivostok through the first domestic communications satellite Molniya-1.
. In 1972 he created an international satellite communications system of the socialist countries Intersputnik and Borodich oversees the development of equipment for this system
. During the design and creation of an international satellite communications Intersputnik Sergey was awarded a gold medal VDNH.
. He also directs a number of other developments of satellite and tropospheric communication systems, conducted at the Radio Research Institute
. In 1973, for the establishment of the measuring system for satellite communication systems on the ship "Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, he was awarded the State Prize.
From 1956 to 1985 C. V. Borodich actively participating in the study groups (SG) of the International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR). A number of deposits Communications Administration of the USSR, represented in the CCIR, prepared at the initiative Borodicha and under his leadership. He is actively involved in the formation of the main provisions of the technical policy of the country's development of communication and broadcasting, which the USSR delegation act in the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). In 1971, . 1974, . 1977, . 1978 and 1979 Sergey was deputy head of the USSR delegation at the plenary assemblies of the CCIR, . at the World Administrative Radio Conference on the space radio, . Planning the broadcasting-satellite service and a general revision of the Radio Regulations,
. At these assemblies, and conferences were solved in principle for the country allocation of frequency bands between the various radio, . allocation for the country's positions to satellites in geostationary orbit and frequency channels for the organization of satellite broadcasting in the range of 12 GHz and many others.,
. Fruitful international activities
. V. Borodicha in 1978 was awarded an international diploma for the contribution to the work of the CCIR. In the same year for his achievements in the development and creation of radio-relay systems and satellite communications, he was awarded the Order of Labor Red Banner.
. In 1981 Borodicha honorary title of Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the RSFSR
. This award recognizes his achievements in the development of many domestic systems, microwave radio and satellite communications, in the creation of the theory and methods for calculating microwave transmission, in the preparation of scientific personnel.
Until 1988, the. V. Borodich actively participated in the creation of new techniques for microwave and satellite communications. He has always enjoyed great and deserved prestige in the scientific community in the country. Sergey was the chief editor of the journal Proceedings NIIR ", . which highlighted the results conducted at the institute of theoretical and experimental studies, . and the main results of the IR CCIR, . a member of the editorial board of the journal "Telecommunications" - one of the oldest scientific and technical journals, . in which the 30-ies published works of many leading scientists of the country, he was also chairman of one of the sections headed by Academician Yu,
. B. Kobzareva Scientific Council of the USSR on a static radio physics and chairman of the specialized council for awarding the scientific degree of candidate of technical sciences.
Since 1988 Borodich ceases to engage in administrative activities. He goes to the post of Chief Scientific Officer Institute of Radio in the direction of "Special satellite communication systems and management" and their attention focuses exclusively on scientific work.
With. V. Borodich is an amazing example of creative longevity. Despite its venerable age (in 1988 it celebrated 74 years), he maintained a youthful curiosity, high intellectual potential and enormous capacity for work. The fifth part of his scientific publications, including one book to the period after 1988. His creative activity did not decrease until 8 February 1996, when he suddenly stopped his heart and he left this world.
. As an engineer he was largely determined the development of modern domestic microwave and satellite communication systems
. This has enabled a huge number of people in our country to communicate by telephone and watch television programs of the central.
. As a scientist, he developed methods for communication system design with frequency modulation and methods of analysis of electromagnetic compatibility, outlined the original system approaches to the creation of global satellite communication systems.
. In a sense he was like a living volcano, continuously spews out the creative energy
. Such people are few, but it is their life, their work are particularly valuable for mankind. This value is reduced not only to the practical value of their achievements, . but is also in, . that they have created the energy flows of the human spirit increases the creative potential of our planet, . produce changes in people's minds, . increase the spiritual potential of humanity,
. Through the life and creative work of subsequent generations of this potential is embodied in the new developments, ensuring continuous progress.