GARDNER Herb( American playwright)
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Biography GARDNER Herb
GARDNER, HERB (Gardner, Herb) (1934-2003), American playwright. Born December 28, 1934 in Brooklyn. Classes at the High School of Performing Arts combined with work in Broadway theaters, which sold soft drinks and served as cloakroom attendant. Attended Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie - Mellon University) and Antioquia College, where the writer's skill to master, he studied theater and art. That's when Gardner came up with 'nebbishey' ( 'lost souls', 'poor things' in Yiddish). Initially rubber figurines, they have become popular, appearing on a special page of humor at the same time in 74 newspapers, from the 'Chicago Tribune' to London 'Observer'. This went on for 6 years in the late 1950 'nebbishi' became a national passion, portrayed in the ashtrays, t-shirts and greeting cards. Due to the financial success of the company was able to devote himself to literature.
In 1958 his novel "The act" (A Piece of Action). Gardner's fame as a playwright began in 1962 with performances on Broadway play "A Thousand Clowns" (A Thousand Clowns). The play was a success with critics and viewers, was nominated for 'Tony', an association of the New York Drama Critics called the author 'outstanding new playwright of the year'. In 1965, Gardner rewrote the play in the script and received the Oscar for best screenplay for a literary work.
In 1968, Gardner set the play "The people of farewell" (The Goodbye People), and in 1984 - a film of this play.
Gardner's film "Who Is Harry Kellerman and why he says about me, such terrible things" (Who is Harry Kellerman and Why is he Saying Those Terrible Things about Me?, 1974) was the adaptation of his own story, award-literary prize. Gardner is back on Broadway, wrote the play "Thieves" (Thieves, 1974) that played a critical success. More favorably was greeted with "I'm not Rappaport" (I'm Not Rappaport), staged on Broadway (the first production was vnebrodveyskoy) in 1985. The play was awarded the 1986 Award 'Tony'. Rappaport was filmed in 1996 with Walter Mats and Ossie Davis.
Next play Gardner's "Conversations with Father" (Conversations With My Father, 1991), in which he played Judd Hirsch, also became a Broadway hit. Gardner's collection of plays published in 2000. In recent years, Gardner's work does not leave the theater of the United States and other countries. In 2000, playwright won the Writers Guild of America.
Gardner died Sept. 24, 2003 in New York.