Nona Gaprindashvili Terentievna( chess)
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Biography Nona Gaprindashvili Terentievna
Gaprindashvili, Nona Terentevna (p. 1941). Fifth world champion (1962-1978). Born May 3, 1941 in Zugdidi (Georgia). The first woman, who was awarded the title of grand master among men (1978). Playing chess with 5 years. She studied at the Tbilisi Palace of Pioneers led by V. Karseladze. In 14 years - 2 medal winner Tbilisi, in 15 - Champion Georgia. In the 20 national championships (1960) took 4 th place and got into the tournament contestants (1961), . victory in which met in the match for the title of world champion with Bykova and won it - 9:2 (+7-0 = 4), . becoming, . as V. Menchikov, . world champion at 21 years,
. In subsequent years, successfully defended his title. Three times against Kushnir: Riga, 1965 - 8,5:4,5 (+7-3 = 3), Tbilisi - Moscow, 1969 - 8,5:4,5 (+6-2 = 5), Riga, 1972 - 8,5:7,5 (+5-4 = 7), then against N. Alexandria - Picunda - Tbilisi, 1975 - 8,5:3,5 (+8-3 = 1). However, in 1978, lost in Pitsunda match for the title of world champion M. Chiburdanidze - 6,5:8,5 (+2-4 = 9). After that, the candidates participated in the matches - in 1980, defeated N. Gurieli (+5-2 = 2) and a draw with NM Ioseliani (+3-3 = 8), but lost it on additional indicators. In the next cycle won the inter-zonal tournament in Bad Kissingen (1982), but in 1983 lost Levitin (+4-6 = 8). Last played in the tournament contenders (Tshaltubo, 1988) and took only 7 place.
Gaprindashvili - 5 times champion of USSR (1964, 1974-1974, 1981, 1983, 1985), two-time winner of European Cup champions (1969, 1972), 10-times winner of the women's chess Olympiad (1963-1986) in the USSR team. Won about 20 women's international tournaments and successfully advocated in the men's competitions: Hastings, 1963-1964 (side tournament) - 1-2, Lons-Pine, 1977 (U.S. Open) - 1-4, Reggio Emilia - 1 , Wijk aan Zee, 1987 (2 nd tournament) - 1-3.
Gaprindashvili greatly raised the level of women's game, showing a chess-wagon - is equally strong as in the tactical complications, and the maneuver of positional game.
'It is my deep conviction, Nona Gaprindashvili far exceeds the famous Vera Menchikov. Game Gaprindashvili greatly diversified, brighter. This chess wide plan, great creativity '(M. Euwe).