Boroday Michael Matveevich( Russian theatrical figure, the entrepreneur)
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Biography Boroday Michael Matveevich
Boroday, Michael Matveevich (1853-1929), Russian theatrical figure, entrepreneur, organizer of the actors' associations. Born in 1853 into a peasant family in the province of Poltava. Since his childhood was attracted to the scene, . with seventeen years he served in the Kharkiv Theater NN Dyukova librarian, . played minor roles, . served as cashier, . Taking part in the conduct of administrative affairs, . then performed similar duties in the opera entreprise Kharkov, . including entreprise P. Medvedev, . as well as in GM Kovrov in Saratov and Voronezh,
Already having the reputation of a strong administrator, Boroday took part in the organization of the partnership acting under the control of NN Sinel'nikova in Voronezh in 1886. Desire to make Borodai 'collection of whatever was' led to conflict with Sinelnikov and care of the last of the partnership with a part of the troupe. Since 1888 Boroday nominally regarded as acting manager of the Kharkov Association, . but in essence was his sovereign director: 'was in charge of economy, . conducted countable part, . had to deal with the city authorities, . read all the plays, . repertoire was, . distributed role, . discussed with the designer environment ',
In 1893-1901 Boroday rented theater in Kazan and Saratov, collecting the dramatic and operatic troupe, he changed their places in the middle of the season, so that each city received half of the opera and drama seasons. In addition, his troupe toured almost every spring in Kharkov, almost every summer in Poltava and Yekaterynoslav.
The second half of 1890 - the zenith of Borodai. Association represents his personal business, . He collected first-class actors - among them M. Petipa, . IM Shuvalov, . MI Belisarius, . KN Yakovlev and others, relied on the youth, . his Saratov Kazan actor partnership played Kachalov, . NA Smirnova, . NN Litovtseva, . A. Kosheverov,
. However, Boroday not sought to establish a solid long-term company, on the contrary, to calculate the end of the season with all members of the Association, each year, organized his re. According to contemporaries, Boroday 'knew the actors and know how to get along with them', he could captivate everyone, and 'use for the cause'.
The repertoire of associations Borodai included almost all A. Ostrovsky, Nikolai Gogol and ASGriboedov, H. Ibsen, William Shakespeare, Fr.Shiller, Leo Tolstoy, Chekhov, Mr. . Hauptmann, G. Sudermann, E. Rostan, E. Scribe, V. Sardou
. Since 1901 Boroday kept mostly opera companies: filmed theater 'Hermitage' in Moscow, . where organized performances with F. Chaliapin (1901), suffered a series of commercial failures in Kiev (1902-1906), then formed a partnership opera in Tbilisi, . Ekaterinodar, . Irkutsk, . which subsequently settled,
. Since October 1917 perform administrative duties in Irkutsk Theater.
Died Boroday in Irkutsk in 1929.