Gryphius Andreas( German poet, dramatist)
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Biography Gryphius Andreas
Gryphius, Andreas (Gryphius, Andreas) (1616-1664), German poet, dramatist. Born October 11, 1616 in Glogau (Silesia, now Gе-ogцЁw, Poland). Orphaned early, was able to prepare for university, giving private lessons. In 19 years became a mentor children of the imperial chancellor Philip Shenbornera. Must be young Gryphius impressed a wealthy nobleman: he soon promoted him to the place of the poet-laureate, and promised to pay for his studies.
A few months after the Chancellor had died, but Gryphius able to get to Leiden University as a companion of three young noblemen. After studying there for three years, on the fourth began to read the lectures. From Leiden, escorting another young student, went to Paris, where he gained access to the library of Cardinal Richelieu. After living a half years in France, went to Italy and visited Florence and Rome, and returned to Germany, where, in Strasbourg, wrote his first drama, an Armenian Leo (Leo Armenius). At the end of the Thirty Years War in 1648 he returned to Silesia. After the marriage has taken a very honorable and high office, becoming the syndic Glogau. Gryphius in Glogau Died July 16, 1664
. The most famous three of his comedy: written in the Silesian dialect "Sweetheart Rose" (Die geliebte Dornrose), . funny depicting amorous adventures of the peasants, "Peter Skvents" (Herr Peter Squentz), . ridiculed absurd theatrical attempts craftsmen imitation "boastful soldier of Plautus" entitled "Horribilikribrifaks" (Horribilicribrifax),
. He has written several tragedies, including the "Georgian First Lady" (Katharina von Georgien), "Happiness" (Felicitas), "Charles Stuart" (Carolus Stuardus).
In the early 20 in. revive the glory Gryphius-lyric. Sonnets he began writing in his youth, in 1637 published a small book, which included 31 sonnets and poems in German and Latin.