DICKINSON Emily( American poet)
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Biography DICKINSON Emily
DICKINSON, Emily (Dickinson, Emily) (1830-1886), American poet. If life were published only seven of her poems. Born Dec. 10, 1830 at Amherst (pc. Massachusetts), never left his native city. Living far from cultural centers, was not familiar with any of the well-known writers of his time. Close relationship maintained with only a few friends and many relatives. Up to 25 years led the life typical of a young girl of her time. Marry not come out and, after the manner of old maids, gradually drifted away from society. By 1860-m years Dickinson became almost a recluse, and after 1870 and did not leave the house. Probably, this form has taken her all the artist's desire for solitude, because that's when it really devoted herself to poetry. We can not exclude the fact that in her renunciation of worldly things, some elements of religious seclusion. The only writers, with whom she maintained relationships, was a writer and critic TW Higginson. These are small poems, amazing beauty of form and richness of thought. Dickinson varies in his work a few major themes, and her works can be divided into 4 groups. The first form of the poem, which refers to its principles of artistic creation (strategy of thought, embodied it in words, the ratio of 'periphery' and 'center' in the hierarchy of important poetic themes) and the perception of the poet of the world, ie. that in this world is for her poetically valuable. She reveals to the reader what she wants to write poems and how they should be perceived. In the last paragraph of her aesthetic theory - artistic perception - linked to a second group of poems dedicated to nature. In the most simple of them attempts to cover all variety of natural forms and phenomena, and when it turns, . it is virtually impossible, . it creates a cycle of more complex works of the disappearance of these forms, more, . opening for themselves, . that the main property of matter - the movement, . She wrote a number of original poems, . in which nature is represented as a process,
. If the outside world slips away from the poet, . Dickinson returns to his only reality - the inner world, . as evidenced by the third group of her poems, . which embodies the two poles of human emotions - ecstasy and despair, , . than feeling more moderate,
. Finally, . as ecstasy and despair are inseparable from the spiritual aspirations of the individual and the inevitable end of its expectations, . they inevitably enter into creativity Dickinson another theme - the hope of man for immortality, . and poems in this section are the top works of the poetess,
Academic Meeting of Dickinson's poems in 3 volumes was published in 1955, T. Johnson, and he also published in 1958, three volumes of her letters.
Dickinson died in Amherst May 15, 1886.