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Zhigulin Anatol

( Russian poet, novelist)

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Zhigulin, Anatol (1930-2000), Russian poet, novelist. Born January 1, 1930 in Voronezh. Father - a peasant from the mother - from the noble family Rayevskys. In 1949 published the first poems was soon arrested on charges of belonging to anstistalinskoy underground Communist Party youth and served 10 years imprisonment in Siberia. In 1954 was released in 1956 and rehabilitated. He graduated from Voronezh Forestry Engineering Institute (1960)

. After the first, . 'slender and weak', . According to the most Zhigulin, . book of poems "The lights of my city", . published in 1959 in Voronezh, . published the poetry collection "Fire-man" (1961), . "Rails" (1963), . "Memory" (1964), . Polar Flowers "(1966), . reflecting the harsh life experiences of the northern forests and mines, . meetings with disadvantaged people and ruined villages,
. Since the mid 1960's in the tradition of 'peasant' poetry (SA Esenina, etc.) they are lyrical and philosophical poetry Zhigulin, . Inspired by the nature of Central Russia, . clear and restrained, . imbued with radiant sorrow awareness of transience and fragility of life (collections "Clear Days", . 1970; "Clear Field", . Light predosenny ", . Both 1972; Last elm ", . 1977; "Solovetsky Seagull", . "Kalina Krasnaya - viburnum black", . both 1979; Life, . Unexpected Joy, . 1980; in the hope of eternal ", . 1983),
. 'Levitanovskaya' verbal painting ( 'sedge Icy water', 'stubborn survivor of escape', 'Gray box') combines poetry with Zhigulin Yesenin-klyuevskoy nostalgic theme of love in the patriarchal village - the true birthplace of Russian man (verse. "Oh, my country!, In the dim splendor ... The Road to Ples, Oh, how fun the leaves fly ..."), but at the same time does not deny organic and take the new time, 'ringing mowers' and' chattering tractors '

. A notable event in the 'camp' literature of the first years of perestroika was the autobiographical novel Zhigulin "Black Stones" (1988), . propose a detailed and easy-frank, . flying without sentimentality or hysterical strain, . story about the history of 'guilt' of the young Zhigulin before the socialist state, . Punish and the long road finding the truth, . and written in different years cycle of poems about your stay at the famous 'camp' Kolyma River "burned Notebook", . included in the Security,
. "The Flying Days" (1989). Zhigulin was also engaged in poetic translations, wrote an essay.

Zhigulin died in Moscow on August 6, 2000.


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