Eugene Ionesco( French playwright)
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Biography Eugene Ionesco
Ionesco, Eugö¬ne (Ionesco, Eugö¬ne) (1909-1994), French dramatist, one of the leading representatives of the illogical, tragi-comic drama, called 'theater of the absurd'. The situations, characters and dialogue of his plays follow the images and associations rather sleep than the everyday reality. Language with the help of amusing paradoxes, cliches, proverbs and other word games exempt from the usual meanings and associations. Surrealism plays by Ionesco is descended from a circus clown, Chaplin's films, B. Keaton, the Marx Brothers, ancient and medieval farce. A typical method - pile of objects that threaten to engulf the actors, things acquire life and people are transformed into inanimate objects.
Ionesco was born on November 26, 1909 in Slatina (Romania). The child's parents took him to Paris, and his first language was French. In Romania, the family returned, when the son was already a teenager. He entered the University of Bucharest, preparing to become a teacher of French language. At the beginning of the literary activity of Ionesco wrote poetry in French and Romanian languages, . and composed a daring pamphlet, entitled "No!" Pamphlet was sustained in the nihilistic spirit of the Dadaists and, . demonstrating the unity of opposites, . initially condemned, . and then praised the three Romanian Writers,
In the 'tragedy of language' "Bald Singer" (La cantatrice chauve, 1950), the first play, Ionesco, portrayed the world, descended from the mind, 'the collapse of reality'. For this play was followed by "Lesson" (La leö¬on, . 1951), . "Chairs" (Les chaises, . 1952), . "The new tenant" (Le nouveau locataire, . 1953), . "The Future of the eggs" (L'Avenir est dans les eufs, . 1957), . "Murderer by vocation" (Tueur sans gages, . 1959), . "Rhinoceros" (RhinocöLros, . 1959), . Air pedestrian "(Le piöLton de l'air, . 1962), . King dies "(Le roi se meurt, . 1962), . "Thirst and hunger" (La soif et la faim, . 1964), . "Macbeth" (Macbett, . 1973), . Man with suitcases "(1975) and" Journey among the dead "(Le voyage chez les morts, . 1980),
. Ionesco also wrote the novel "The Hermit" (La solitaire, 1974) and several series of children's books. Member of the French Academy since 1970. Ionesco died in Paris on March 28, 1994.