KOSG Jacques( French critic, actor, director, innovator in the field of theatrical style and scenery)
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Biography KOSG Jacques
KOSG, Jacques (Copeau, Jacques) (1879-1949), French critic, actor, director, innovator in the field of theatrical style and scenery. Born Feb. 4, 1879 in Paris. In 1904-1910 - a theater critic, a collection of his articles "Criticism of modern times" (Critiques d'un autre temps) came out in 1923. In 1909 he participated in the creation of 'Nouvelle Revue Francaise' ( 'Nouvelle revue franц¬aise'), was its editor in 1912-1914. Struggling with uninspired naturalism and an excess of scenic detail, decided to unload aesthetically significant game space. In 1913 founded the 'Theater of Old Pigeon House' ( 'ThцLц-tre du Vieux Colombier') in Paris, which had been in the repertoire of Shakespeare, Moliere, A. Beck, P. Claudel, R. Martin du Gara. In 1917-1919 he worked in the U.S., lectured, with the support of the French government brought the troupe, campaigned for two seasons in New York. Back in 1920 in Paris, KOSG implemented its plan of permanent design stage, allows viewers to focus exclusively on the actors' performances and understand the meaning of the play. The difference in the design of the next performance was achieved by the appropriate curtains and screens (the game 'in the cloth'). Three flights of stairs from the stage into the auditorium were, on a plan KOSG, destroy the barrier between actors and audience. Theater repertoire expanded at the expense of plays Jean Romain, A. Gide, C. Vildrac. The theater closed in 1924, but the drama continued to prepare School KOSG theater actors. In 1927, invited KOSG Theater Guild in New York for performances of The Brothers Karamazov "by Dostoyevsky. Since 1936 KOSG - director, and from 1940 - Artistic Director 'Comedie Francaise'. In 1931, his memoir Reminiscences leave Old Dovecote (Souvenirs du Vieux Colombier). Died KOSG in Bonn October 20, 1940.