VOLKOV Leonid( Russian actor, director, teacher)
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Biography VOLKOV Leonid
VOLKOV, Leonid (1893-1976), real name Zimnyukov, Russian actor, director, teacher. People's Artist of the RSFSR (1945). Born 5 (17) May 1893. Engaged in the studio under the guidance Vakhtangov, professional career started in 1916. In 1918, played in the National Theater (Moscow) the role of Joseph in the "Miracle of St. Anthony" by M. Maeterlinck. Worked in the 1-st Moscow Art Theater School (1921), the Moscow Arts Theater II-m (1924-1927), the Moscow Theater of the Revolution (1927-1930), which came with AD Wild after the break with Moscow Chekhov, in the Moscow Art Theater (1943-1951).
One of the most important works Volkov was the role of Lefty in the "Flea" by Nikolai Leskov (statement of the Wild). This show became the reason for the split, after which 13 actors under the leadership of M. Chekhov Moscow Art Theater II joined the troupe of the Revolution. A few weeks later Volkov played a village council chairman Sidor Ivanycha in performance "Golgotha". Then, according to contemporaries, fresh and interesting professor played Androsova ( "A man with a briefcase" A. Faiko), his latest role in the Theater of the Revolution. Volkov carried away by the production (back in 1925 tried his strength on the Small Stage Theater, staged and the staging of Gorky's "Chelkash, and in 1929 successfully placed in realistic theater" Good Soldier, Schweik Gashek). In 1930 at the Theater of the Revolution Volkov puts "The Story of a Murder" - a play M. Anderson and G. Hikersona the murder of Sacco and Vanzetti. Soon a short time he became head of the Central Theater of Young Spectator (1931-1933). In 1933 he was invited to the Little Theater, . where he worked until 1942, . and in 1943 returned to the Children's Theater (now - the Central Children's), . where he worked until 1948, . while continuing to work as an actor and director of the Moscow Art Theater (until 1951); since 1951 - director of the Maly Theater,
Since 1923, they began to show interest in teaching, in 1952 he - Professor of the Higher Theater School. M. Schepkin. Among students Volkova - famous artists of the theater and cinema N. Podgorny, S. Nemolyaeva, I. Churikova and many others. Director Yu Zavadsky wrote: 'A remarkable actor Leonid Volkov ... which I can not forgive, that he threw the stage and stripped of Soviet visitors to see the joy of creation to surprise the actor's talent '. The director's work has not brought such glory Volkov, . as a short-lived acting, . Yet among the set of productions allocate such, . as himself in his custody Calderon "(1934), . "Town of Craftsmen T. Gabbe" (jointly with VS Kolesaevym, . 1944), . Grach, , . "Bohdan Khmelnytsky" Korneichuk (1939), . Village of Stepanchikovo "Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1957) - of the Maly Theater,
Volkov died in Moscow on September 18, 1976.