GOLOVANOV Nikolai Semenovich( Russian composer, conductor)
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Biography GOLOVANOV Nikolai Semenovich
Golovanov, Nikolai Semenovich (1891-1953), Russian composer, conductor. Born in Moscow, 9 (21) January 1891 in a poor middle class family. After the end of the Synodal School of Church singing in 1910 was appointed assistant to the regent of the Synodal Choir (performed in concerts, conducted foreign tours) and the teacher of the Synodal School. In 1914 the composer received a diploma at the Moscow Conservatory and in 1915 made his debut as a symphony conductor. In 1919-1928 and 1930-1936 conducted in 1948-1953 chief conductor of the Bolshoi Theater. From 1919 he worked in the Opera Studio Stanislavsky (later the Opera Theater of Stanislavsky and V.I.Nemirovicha-Danchenko). Since the late 1920's was active in the All-Union Radio, where he headed the opera radioteatr and was principal conductor of the Bolshoi Symphony Orchestra (1937-1953). In 1925-1948 (with breaks) professor of orchestral and opera classes of the Moscow Conservatory. Served as a pianist, in 1916-1943 mainly in the ensemble with his wife - singer Nezhdanova. From opera "Princess Jurata", "Powerful mound, symphonies, ballads, a significant number of religious choral works
. Higher achievement Golovanov, conductor associated with the Russian musical classics, . especially opera (records on the radio, . operas Sadko Rimsky-Korsakov, . "Boris Godunov" and "Khovanshchina Mussorgsky at the Bolshoi Theater), . and the symphonic works of Scriabin and Rachmaninoff,
. Golovanov was an outstanding interpreter of contemporary music, the first performer of a number of works by Prokofiev, Shostakovich. His conductor's style marked the beginning of a strong-willed, brightness contrast, excellent sense of drama
. Golovanov collected valuable collection of works of fine art (mostly Russian artists of the late 19 - 20 cc.), . Books and Manuscripts, . stored now in the Museum-Golovanov apartment in Moscow (a branch of the State Museum of Musical Culture named after MI Glinka, some works collection - the State Tretyakov Gallery),
Golovanov, died in Moscow on August 28, 1953.