Jethro Tull (Jethro Tull)( British music group)
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Biography Jethro Tull (Jethro Tull)
Jethro Tull (Jethro Tull), the British music group. Founded in late 1967. The original members: Ian Anderson (Ian Anderson) - vocals, flute, guitar, Mick Abrahams (Mick Abrahams) - guitar, vocals Glen Kornik (Glen Cornick) - bass guitar, Clive Bunker (Clive Bunker) - drums.
'Jethro Tull' - one of the groups, facilitate the transformation of rock music from the entertainment and lightweight genre in a serious and profound direction of modern art. Their music can be described as progressive rock (progressive rock) or art-rock (art-rock, from the 'art', which means 'art'). The peculiarity of this group is that musical complexity, which is sometimes an end in itself for some other groups of this trend, look at 'Jethro Tull' very naturally. This complexity is linked to their music on one side with a delicate melodies and heartfelt lyricism, but on the other - with a powerful rock-n-roll pressure
. Background 'Jethro Tull' includes several groups, . where Ian Anderson and his colleagues perfected his skills, . since 1963: The Blades ( 'Bleydz'), . The John Evan Band ( 'John Evan Band'), . The John Evan's Smash ( 'John Iven'z Smash'), . Navy Blue ( 'Neyvi Blue'), etc.,
In early 1968 the band released their first single with the song "Sunny Day" (Sunshine Day) and "Airplane" (Aeroplane). By the time the musicians have found a final name for their team. This was the name of the English agronomist 18., Whose treatise drew the attention of Anderson. However, the first single released with a typographical error: name was marked as 'Jethro Toe'. Greater success was not single, but the group managed for short term gain popularity among the audience through concerts, as well as the first album This was Jethro Tull (This was Jethro Tull, 1968). At that time the band performed mostly electric rhythm and blues, which gave the unusual sound of the flute Ian Anderson. He learned to play the flute in the short term, experiencing a definite influence of jazz musician Roland Kirk (Roland Kirk).
Having proved himself a promising British band, 'Jethro Tull' in May 1969 released a single with one of his most famous songs - "Living in the past" (Living in the Past), and in summer - the second album entitled "Rise" (Stand up). Music of the disc was very different from the debut of. Filled with many marvelous and expressive lyrics, . drive was a turning point in the work group, . denoting a departure from the rhythm and blues standards in the direction of experimental music, . which elements of the blues combined with elements of European tradition, . particularly, . folk music of England, . Scotland and Ireland,
. This change was largely attributable to the fact that Abrahams had left 'Jethro Tull' in late 1968, as Anderson has become the leading creative figure in the group. After the change of several guitarists, one of whom was Tony Yommi (Tony Yommi), now known as the guitarist of 'Black Sabbath' (Black Sabbath), the group came to Martin Barre (Martin Barre).
'Jethro Tull' a lot and successfully toured the UK and the U.S.. In the U.S. the plate groups often occupy even higher place in the charts than in the homeland. Thus, the concept album "Dumb like a cork" (Thick as a Brick, 1972), built on the verses fictional character boy prodigy, won the first prize of the American hit parade and the fourth hit parade of Britain.
Songs of the third album "Benefit" (Benefit, 1970) dealt with social themes. Ian Anderson, a very serious approach to composing lyrics, attracts attention as a very clever and prone to sarcasm poet.
The most famous album "Scuba" (Aqualung, 1971) - a conceptual work, which poked fun at social structure and moral foundations of Western society. Many of the songs were created in the form of satirical stories and sketches, as a song about an old tramp nicknamed Scuba.
Apogee composition fundamentality 'Jethro Tull' - the album "Game of the passions" (A Passion Play, 1973). This is an integral piece narrated about the spiritual journey of the deceased young man in the world beyond the grave. The texts of this plate Anderson gave full rein to his poetic ambitions and satirical abilities. After such a complex work that caused the attacks of many critics, though warmly welcomed the audience, Anderson returned to the shortest song form. CD "A Child of War" (War Child, 1974) consisted of a number of interesting compositions, prepared for the eponymous film, which, however, was not withdrawn.
In 1975 the group used the elements of the English ballads, releasing the disc "Minstrel in the Gallery" (Minstrel in the Gallery). Subsequently, this line was continued.
Ideas loss of modern humans with nature, the natural environment of human life are reflected in the album "Heavyweights" (Heavy Horses, 1978). Anderson uses the image of dray horses, which are no longer needed the English peasant, because their functions are now performs a tractor, a symbol of destructive communication.
All 1970 'Jethro Tull' has toured extensively, their long speeches invariably collect large numbers of spectators and features a dramatic teatralizovannostyu and perfect sound. Concert on Oct. 9, 1978 in at Madison Square Garden (New York) was unprecedented in the history of music: in addition to approximately 100 thousand. people who came to this statement, see and hear him had the opportunity to have 400 million. people around the world as a concert broadcast on radio and television
. Anderson's idea to record his solo album turned into a, . that 'Jethro Tull' almost completely updated composition: A album was released under the name 'Jethro Tull', . and musicians, . attracted Anderson to write this work, . became new members of the group: bassist Dave Pegg (Dave Pegg), . drummer Mark Crane (Mark Craney), . keyboardist Eddie Jobson (Eddie Jobson),
. From the previous composition remained only Barr and myself Anderson. Later the place came the drummer Paul Burgess (Paul Burgess).
The main theme of the album "Palash and the Beast" (Broadsword and the Beast) was a state of fear and frustration, in which resides the majority of modern people, and which symbolizes the Beast. To overcome this condition, you can use the symbolic Palasha, which should hit the Beast.
Name disc issued in 1985 speaks for itself: "A classic case: the London Symphony Orchestra plays the music of 'Jethro Tull'" (A classic case: The London Symphony Orchestra Plays the Music of Jethro Tull)
. For the album "Coat of pages" (Crest of a Knave, 1987) Party won Grammys' (Grammy) in the category 'best album in the style of heavy metal', beating a group of 'Metallica' (Metallica), although heavy metal music 'Jethro Tull' had a very distant relation
. Album turned out much more expressive than the preceding work.
The diversity and versatility has always been a characteristic feature of 'Jethro Tull', which once again demonstrated the album 1989 "Rocky Island" (Rock Island), consisting of fine melodic numbers and the apparent hard-rock.
Overall, the team was in a stable, creative, and continued to develop the direction of progressive rock (album "pop som" (Catfish Rising, 1991)).
New album "Jethro Tull dot com" (Jethro Tull dot com, 1999) is a bit commercial. 'Jethro Tull' intended to create something more accessible and close to traditional pop music than previous work. But in this album has some very interesting tracks.
'Jethro Tull' continue to tour: the larger part of their concert program are songs 1970.
In 2003 the band was on tour in Moscow.