Karetnikov Nikolai( Russian composer)
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Biography Karetnikov Nikolai
Karetnikov, Nikolai Nikolaevich (1930-1994), Russian composer. Born in Moscow on June 28, 1930. After graduating from the Moscow Conservatory in the class VY Shabalin (1953) led a life of 'free artist', a lot of work in the theater and cinema. At the turn of 1950-1960-ies entered the circle of young avant-garde musicians to discover dodekafoniyu (vehicle composition on the basis of 12-tone row, proposed as early as 20 in. Arnold Schoenberg). Since then admitted his early works with non-existent, but the beginning of his way - Third Symphony (1959). Unlike colleagues Karetnikov until the end of his life remained a staunch supporter of 'classic' dodekafonii, on this basis your style. The main interests were connected with the composer's symphonic and theatrical genres; his pen belong to two operas - "Till Eulenspiegel" (1985) and "The Mystery of Apostle Paul" (1987) - both works were not delivered in Russia, the ballets "Vanina Vanini (1962) and "Little Cahes", . nicknamed Tsinnober (1968), among his symphonies allocated Fourth (1964), he is also the author of a number of chamber and instrumental works, . including the Piano Quintet (1993),
. Referring to the establishment of the Orthodox church music in relation to work in the cinema (in particular, on the film "Flight" by M. Bulgakov), Karetnikov created executable is now widely series "Six sacred chants" (1993). From music to more than 50 feature films and 40 drama performances. A man of literary prodigy, Karetnikov left the memories, in particular, collected in the book "Theme and Variations.
Karetnikov died in Moscow on October 9, 1994.