Eugene I. Gabrilovich( Russian writer)
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Biography Eugene I. Gabrilovich
Gabrilovich, Evgeniy Iosifovich (1899-1993), Russian writer. Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1969), Hero of Socialist Labor (1979). Winner of USSR State Prizes (1943, 1967, 1983). Born September 29, 1899 in Voronezh, father - a pharmacist, his mother - a housewife. He studied at the Voronezh real school, after the family moved to Moscow - in a private school and the Moscow University (Faculty). A jazz pianist in the theater Vs.Meyerholda, worked in the museum of the same theater and the Secretary of theatrical magazine Playbill Tim '.
Home literary activity Gabrilovich refers to 1921. Peculiar and recognizable style of a young writer almost first noticed parodists (the most famous parody AG Archangel). As writer was a LTSK (literary center and Constructivists), simultaneously acted as publicist. Subsequently, noted that journalism gave twenty-five years of life. Gabrilovich and participated in the creation of the book "White Sea-Baltic Canal, the Stalin. Construction History "(1934) (in part used impressions from what he saw during a visit to the construction of a large group of Soviet writers)
. However, for various reasons, among which the role played by financial interest and desire to succeed (and it is known that he Gabrilovich - a man in a very frugal life), he leaves and begins to write prose, scripts
. Most Gabrilovich worked with highly talented directors. Among them are masters of the older generation Mikhail Romm ( "Dream", . 1943; "Murder on Dante Street", . 1956), . L. Lukow ( "Two Soldiers", . 1942), . Vs.Pudovkin ( "The Return of Vasili Bortnikov", . 1952), . A. Fayntsimmer ( "The Gadfly", . 1955), . and considered when young I. Auerbach ( "Monologue", . 1972) and G. Panfilov ( "In the fire ford no, . , 1967; "Beginning", . 1970),
. The made with movies (and often the scripts were written in collaboration with the directors) have become classics of Soviet cinema.
Several decades of continued collaboration with the director Yuri Gabrilovich Rayzmanom. Classic tape "Masha" (1942, screenplay Joint. with S. Ermolinskaya), "Communist" (1957), "Your Contemporary" (1967, screenplay Joint. with Rayzmanom), "The Strange Woman" (1977) were converted to date, the authors not only reflect certain historical events, but also sensitively detected the atmosphere of different moments in Soviet history.
On two opposite tendencies in the work of Gabrilovich easily judged by the films he made with S. Yutkevich and Panfilov. Kinoleniniana, the genre of Soviet cinema, standing apart and develop by their own laws, nevertheless, always responsive to changes in society. And because in the pictures "stories about Lenin" (1957), "Lenin in Poland" (1965, screenplay Joint. with Yutkevich) and "Lenin in Paris" (1981, screenplay Joint. with Yutkevich) image of the leader of the revolution more varied. Myth is clothed in everyday life, mimikriroval under everyday. But the attempt to portray the leader of the revolution 'with a human face' (the most radical scene - Lenin, descend on the railing, from which the authors cautiously refused) not quite succeed. The artificiality and deliberateness of the proposed schemes were evident.
At first glance same applies to films created by Gabrilovich, together with the director Panfilov. Nevertheless, here the same principle, only turned inside out: the myth emerges through the life. The fate of the factory girls Pasha Stroganov, . which proved to be a talented actress, . only an extensive illustration of the long-standing thesis, . is embodied in a poem by M. Svetlov "Rabfakovke", . where long before the movie "Home" draws a parallel between the heroine of France and the Soviet girl,
. Moreover, the alleged new mass heroism: 'In every fraternity large graves / buried our Jeanne'
. Externally, the established successfully (from 1948 teacher VGIK, . Since 1962 Professor, . famous writer, . also speaking with the theoretical articles on the film), . life Gabrilovich dramatic: the difficult family relationships, . described in his book "Four quarters", . on which made the film "a declaration of love" (1978, . dir,
. I. Averbakh, P. Finn script), mental anguish at the thought that you select the wrong way. In fact, he was a novelist, what and argues in his latest book,. Without doubt, , . as well as other numerous and well-deserved awards, . - This award is capable and intelligent man, . in addressing the issue 'What is more important, . Private fate or age? " without hesitation has chosen era,
Last ten years Gabrilovich lived in the House Veterans' movie in Matveevskoe. Gabrilovich died in Moscow on December 5, 1993.