Germanova Maria( Russian actress, director, teacher)
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Biography Germanova Maria
Germanova, Maria (1884-1940) (cf.. name Krasouskaya-Kalitins), Russian actress, director, teacher. Born in 1884 in the family of Moscow merchants of Old Believers. Studied at the First Moscow Maria High School in a class with OV Gzovsky and E.N.Roschinoy-Insarova.
One of the first students of the Moscow Art Theater School in 1902 - on the stage of the Moscow Art Theater, . 1903), . A young blind girl ( "blind" e M. Maeterlinck, . 1904), . Elena ( "Children of the Sun" by M. Gorky, . 1905), . Agnes ( "Brand" by H. Ibsen, . 1906), . Sophia ( "Woe from Wit" Sir.doc, . 1906), . Mnishek Marina (Boris Godunov "by Pushkin, . 1907), . Rosa ( "Anatema" LN Andreeva, . 1909), . Elina ( "The Royal Doors" K. Hamsun, . 1909), . Grushenka ( "The Brothers Karamazov by F. Dostoyevsky, . 1910), . Lisa Protasov ( "Living Corpse" Leo Tolstoy, . 1911), . Ekaterina (Katerina Ivanovna Andreeva ", . 1912), . Dona Anna ( "The Stone Guest" by AS Pushkin, . 1915), . Katya ( "Will the Joy Merezhkovsky, . 1916),
In 1919 she moved to Kiev, then to Rostov. Joined the 'Kachalovskaya group', until 1922 touring outside of Soviet Russia. In his previous roles (Grushenka Katerina Ivanovna, Olga in Three Sisters, Anton Chekhov, Mamaeva in a comedy by Alexander Ostrovsky Even a Wise Man Stumbles), played Helen Andreyevna (Uncle Vanya, Chekhov)
. In 1922, . refusing to return to Moscow, . together with N. O. Massalitinovym led a breakaway group of the so-called Prague MAT, . played Ranevskaya ( "The Cherry Orchard Chekhov), . Queen ( "King of the dark resting" R. Tagore), . Ellidu ( "Daughters of the Sea" Ibsen), . Catherina ( "Thunderstorm" Ostrovsky), . Medea ( "Medea" by Euripides), . Lady Macbeth ( "Macbeth" by Shakespeare),
. At the same time worked as a director. In 1926 came the role of Medea in the Theater Workshop (Paris). After the collapse of the Prague group in 1927 Germanova worked in the Parisian troupes M. and L. Pitoevyh and G. Bata. She played Olga in "Three Sisters", the Queen in "Hamlet", the mother of Raskolnikov in "Crime and Punishment" by Dostoevsky, and others.
In 1929-1930 Germanova worked in the U.S. film director and a teacher at the Laboratory Theater (New York), where he staged "Three Sisters".
Shot in the movie "Anna Karenina" (dir. V. Gardin, 1914), "Katerina Ivanovna (dir. A. Ural, 1915).
Germanova died in Paris on April 9, 1940.