Likhodei Leonid Izrailevich( Russian writer)
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Biography Likhodei Leonid Izrailevich
Likhodei, Leonid Izrailevich (cf.. name Lides) (1921-1994), Russian writer. Born April 14, 1921 in g.Yuzovka now Donetsk, Ukraine. He studied at the Odessa University, summer 1941 nevoennoobyazanny Likhodeev volunteer went to the front, where he worked as newsboys. In 1944 sickness discharged. Worked in the Krasnodar newspaper, then moved to Moscow, he studied at the Literary Institute. Gorky. Began to be published in 1948 as a poet (Collected Poems "Conquest of the Desert," 1953; "with my own eyes," 1955; "Open Window", 1957, containing mainly poetic stories with large construction projects and satirical poems in the spirit of the Mayakovsky). Since 1957 he served as a sketch ( "Trip to Tofalaria", . 1958; Volga flows into the Caspian Sea ", . 1960; "Local Time", . 1963; "Wheel of land", . 1971) and author of the artistic narratives ( "History of a trip", . 1957, "I - the guy conscious", . 1961), . which have already shown handwriting future Likhodeev - a sharp polemicist and satirist, . the main target of which is middle-class psychology, . possessive instincts, . Thought Patterns, . bigotry, . vulgarity, . demagogy, . hypocrisy and aesthetic squalor ( "predator", . "Spiritual Suharevka", . "Morality is around the corner", . Oval, . "Wing-frog", . "Price of emotion", . "Cog-shpuntiki" and others,
. feuilleton, . published mainly in the 'Literary Gazette', . 'Komsomolskaya Pravda', . journal 'Crocodile' and included in the collections of satirical articles, . ironic or a fun-instructive stories and tales of our time: "Volga flows into the Caspian Sea", . 1960; 'Murli tradesman ", . 1962; price of emotion ", . 1967; Star from the sky ", . 1969 "Art - the art ...", . 1970; 2Zakon and custom ", . 1980, . etc.),
. Satirical letter Likhodeev inherent special showiness and sharpness, . sometimes caricature, . fondness for ironic aphorisms and paradoxical associations, . constant feeling of the reader, , . sometimes crony intonation,
. Acute social criticism and differs book Likhodeev "nail in his shoe" (written in 1975), . soft, . lyrical humor and at the same time, the subtlety of a large-scale social analysis - the novels of our time, "I and my car" (1972), . "Gods, . to shape the pots "(1983) and" Seven Fridays "(1986); bright sarcasm distinguishes perestroika revealing novel Likhodeev" Srednevozvyshennaya Chronicle "(1992),
. Less well known Likhodeev as a historical writer (the book "Field of battle, . which was not injured ", . 1990, . devoted to the tragic fate of the Russian intelligentsia - the October Revolution, . as well as works of PG Zaichnevskom, . famous revolutionary, . founder of 'Russian Jacobinism', . of NI Bukharin and others),
. The history of the country are also linked autobiographical novel "Once upon a grandfather da baba" (1993) and most epic novel "Family Calendar, . or Life from the end before "(1990-1991), . combining nostalgic confession with factual richness and power of public temperament,
Active publicist, Likhodeev often spoke with problematic articles - on private property, trial by jury, the national government policy, legal matters, etc.. Author of plays "Steps to dawn" (1961), "Hotel" Blue Giraffe ' "(1968).
Likhodeev died in Moscow on November 6, 1994.