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MACHADO-AND-RUIZ Antonio

( Spanish poet)

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Biography MACHADO-AND-RUIZ Antonio
MACHADO-AND-RUIZ, ANTONIO (Machado y Ruiz, Antonio) (1875-1939), Spanish poet. Born July 26, 1875 in Seville, the son of folklorist A. Machado Alvarez, his grandfather was rector of the University. When he was eight years old, the family moved to Madrid. He was educated at the Free Institute of Education, where he instilled a taste for philosophy and moral rigor. In Madrid, Machado made friends with the writers 'Generation 1898'. In 1899 he went to Paris, where for some time served as vice-consul of Guatemala, at the same time met with Ruben Dario and the other poets-modernists. In 1903 published the first book of poems "Solitude" (Soledades), the marked influence of Dario and P. Verlaine.

In 1907-1910 Machado taught French in the town of Soria. The tragic tone pervade the lyrics of these years, collected in the book "Fields of Castile" (Campos de Castilla, 1912). After soriyskogo period Machado long lived and taught in the province. He also wrote several plays in collaboration with his brother, Manuel Machado-and-Ruiz. In 1932 received the rank of professor in Madrid, and was soon elected to the Spanish Academy.

During the Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 Machado remained faithful to the republic, has worked in the republican press. When the Republic of Palau, he crossed the French border.

Machado died in the border town Kolyur February 22, 1939.


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