Charles LABE Louise( Poet)
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Biography Charles LABE Louise
Charles-Louise Labe (04. 1522 [Pars-an-Domb, near Lyons] - 1566 [Pars en Domb, near Lyon])
. About Louise Labe, . 'Beautiful kanatchitse of Lyons', . poet of the fifteenth century, . remarkable and very beautiful woman, . lived in France during the reign of King Francis the First and Second Henry, . jousting, . ballads Pierre Ronsard and Joachim du Bellay's sonnets, the Crusades and romantic sighs about the white rose, . know very little,
. And at the same time - too much!
Talk about it, and - in abundance! - Sincere and committed to the imperfections of the sincerity of the line sonnets addressed to the man whom she loved with all my heart. This love was so romantic, what about it I could write a great novel in the spirit of Alexandre Dumas, if she love, not over quite banal.
. Poor Olivier de Magny, 'noble knight Lady Louise', the average medieval poet is not too serious perceived sincerity and feeling the heat of his beautiful mistress, he skipped past the fingers of the entire prednaznachavshivshiysya his love, spiritual fervor
. And the enthusiasm was gone.. a brilliantly rhymed stanzas.
. These verses Louise Charly - Labe (Labe - the generic name of the mother, Louise, . transmitted by inheritance) is already more than five centuries of writing serious philological works and historical novels, . it seriously called 'provozvestnitsey' feminist movement in Europe, . devote her disskussii TV and in magazines and newspapers.,
. Stanzas its attempt to translate, . stylize, . found in these errors and inaccuracy, . but on this one - a subtle irregularity just stumble and researchers and idle criticism, . in amazement finding, . that breathes a sense of sincerity, . she, . Crushed wrong - strictly flawless, . and because - it - and she has lived for five centuries! What do we know reliably about the, . is so brilliant in the writing of sonnets and elegies, . that she had forgiven the sins of the 'divine form of poetry', . usually unpardonable and more skilled - and to Louise Labe, and after it? What's on - human - we know about it? So:,
. Louise Charly - Labe was born near Lyon, in the manor Pars - en - Domb, in April 1522, the son of a wealthy Kanatchikov Pierre Charles and his wife Etenetty Companion
. Three years after the birth of girls, . mother died, . a little girl and her older brother, Franö¬ois Charlie brought his hands to his father and stepmother, . Antoinette Teilhard, . gay, . black-eyed women, . Former twenty-odd years younger than her husband, . and at times very jealously gazing in the direction of his underage stepdaughter, Lou, . age promises to be a remarkable beauty, . and consuming a lot of attention from her loving father too!,
. Antoinette Teilhard was what jealous!
. Pierre Charles sufficiently large part of his fortune spent on it, to give her daughter a brilliant, at that time, education
. This was unusual even for the freedom of Lyon, . absorbed in the culture, . Art and the spirit of the Italian Renaissance - in bordering with Italy Lyon lived whole colony of Italians - Poetry, . Writers, . artists, . freethinking citizens, . often fleeing persecution avenging hand of the Inquisition and forefinger church, . Papal censorship,
. (This is in Lyon first book Rabelais and Francesco Petrarch, banned in Italy.)
. Louise Charly, as is evident from the memoirs of contemporaries, was naturally gifted with not only the glamorous looks, musicality: - she played several musical instruments - but also a very sharp mind
. Fluent in Greek, Latin and Italian languages. Its terms of reading is very extensive, were humanists of the Renaissance and ancient authors; she read not only not only literary, but also the philosophical, historical writings. Freely quoted Plutarch, Herodotus, Plato, Diogenes, Homer, Tacitus, Horace, Ovid, Pliny. I knew in the original stanzas of Sappho and the songs of Homer, ragged, like flowers, unfinished, hexameter Theocritus and brilliant maxims of Seneca. Striking and sincere in their pain and feelings of freshness stanza of Dante and Petrarch had learned it by heart, she raved about them.
. These, . laurelled poets, . in its library are added and such, . which, . probably, . know not every educated person of that time: Serafino Aquila, . Ariosto, . Stampa; neolatinskie authors: John Seconds, . Sandaverro; German humanists: Ulrich von Hutten, . Erasmus Roterdamsky.,
. Teacher and mentor, Louise Charly - Labe was
. next major poet Maurice Lyons Sav, who had studied in Italy and have a sound knowledge of philosophy and mathematics, history and music. Being himself an excellent poet, Saw had a fine literary taste, in accordance with and guided by the living and able to comprehend the deep truths of the mind of his pupils.
. He carefully chose for her not only books and music, . but the circle of friends: it Maö-tre Maurice Sava hardworking Louise was obliged to acquaintance and a long friendship with his brilliant compatriot, . poet Pernetti de Guillet and well-educated and witty and Claudine Jeanne Sav - sisters teacher.,
. Maitre Maurice introduced its ability to ward and ClöLment Marot, a brilliant poet of France, the stanza which then knew by heart all
. This happened in 1536, the famous ball - a masquerade, hosted by King Francis the First, where the young poet and beauty successfully read his Latin verses, only slightly retouched loving teacher.
. The debut was received very favorably in crowd.
. Raised in the manner of matrons of noble Italian Renaissance: proud, . freedom, . dazzling knowledge of languages and poets, . freely holding in your hands not only embroidery needle, . but the painter's brush, . and then - and spear knight, . Louise Charly - Labe not only 'charmed his friends subtle art of singing and playing different instruments', . (Antoine Verdier 'Library' Lyon,
. 1585), but shaking the admiration of spectators fluency techniques of gymnastics, fencing, horsemanship!
. She could hold in their weak arms pens of men - a sword and a spear, . bridle and crossbow, . not once almost equally involved in knightly tournaments, . arranged by the seneschal of Lyons and even the king Francis the First and the Dauphin Henri (the future King Henry the Second),
. Dauphin Henry, . admiring her courage, . in 1542 allowed her to take part in the tournament - play, . after which she received a 'dangerous' nickname 'Captain Loizou' as this was possible - not very clear, . because in those illustrious AREM considered a violation of all the Christian virtues, . if the lady wore a suit! By the way, . later, . Louise is a passion for riding and wearing men's clothes will be one of the main counts of the Church Fathers and the good of their fellow citizens 'inappropriate for a noble lady of life'!,
. Prosecution scathing as the slap.
. Apparently, we repeat again, nothing like the high royal patronage gave the 'lady of Charlie' strength and the ability to spurn them to ridicule and condemn a nod in her direction and fairly easy to endure this kind of 'slap'.
. Louise was a charming companion, . very subtle and smart, . who knows how to argue and philosophical conversation and liontsy you could not know, . that during visits to the city talking with her, did not despise himself Dauphin, . subsequently - King Henry II, . not just the pundits and diplomats of his magnificent suites! Prince, . example, . enthusiastically recited elegant philosophical treatise Louise 'argument of madness and Cupid', . set out in the form of small pieces - a trifle or witty dialogue - Debat, . things, . which reflected all the fundamental views of Louise Charly - Labe on morality, . ethical foundations, . and the relations between men and women.,
. This was an unheard-of audacity in those ages - to write about this, but still belonging to the weaker sex!
. Louise fit would repentant sprinkle ashes on his head, so much remorse 'in inappropriate conduct' suddenly, overnight, it collapsed! But she always preferred the quiet humility, an open challenge
. It was just for her character!
. She escorted his little treatise in the preface as an open letter to her friend, the daughter of the Seneschal of Lyons - the royal governor, Mademoiselle Clemence de Bourges, famous for his erudition and friendly disposition around Lyon
. In the preface - a letter to Louise Labe wrote, . in particular: 'Our sex not only should try to elevate his mind above the spinning wheels and spindles, . but must try to prove to the world, . what, . if we are not set up to, . to dominate, . then those, . who governs and compels us to obey, . should not neglect our participation not only in home, . but in public affairs! ",
. Then Louise Charly - Labe continued confidently: 'Fun, . received by us from the teaching, . itself gives us a sense of satisfaction, . which remains with us much longer, . For the past makes us happy and brings us the benefit of more, . than present, . whereas the sensual pleasures are lost immediately and never return, . and memories of them, . are sometimes just as annoying, . how these joys were delectable.,
. When we happen to express our thoughts in writing, we.. After a long time reading our scriptures, we come back to that moment and to that state of mind, which were then. And thus, we double our joy, because once again experiencing pleasure, we have obtained either from the subject, about which we have written, or from the knowledge that we have .. ' Agree, pretty unusual ideas for an elegant woman's head and the female mind?
. Yes, except that there is in them and the seditious spirit of disobedience and rebellion, so disagreeable to the Church Fathers:
. But it was only a preface
. In the very same 'Spore Madness and Cupid', for example, said and did something 'sacrilegious'!
. However, in the words of the ancient mythical god Cupid in the mythical same dispute with the goddess of madness, but everything - yet:
. 'Courteous and pleasant can be only one man who can bend his temper inclinations of the woman he loved - in moderation, of course! Lust and fervor loins, have nothing or very little to the truth in love
. And elsewhere in the treatise no less passionate assertion is not only women - the poet, but a woman in love: 'The universe exists because certain combinations of love, if they cease, once again will open the old abyss
. Take away love - everything collapses
. It is - what you need to keep in her nature, she causes people to bear their own kind, to live together and prolong the existence of the world, thanks to love and care with which people relate to their offspring. Apply with love, loss, abuse it, that is, no matter how the desire to shake and destroy all the bases? "
(L. Labe 'argument Madness and Cupid' editions of the series 'literary monuments', 1988.
p. 8 - 36.)
. 'The argument of madness and Cupid' was published in Lyons printing at the end of June 1555
. Liontsy were utterly stunned, surprised, bewildered daring escapade and treated his sograzhdanke, 'the beautiful Louise' with mixed feelings of admiration and horror: so arrogant they thought the ideas expressed by independent matronly!
. She was then already a married lady - from 1542 was married Enemmonom Pereni, Kanatchikov as her glorious father - it was impossible to disappear long-time family trade, and wealth!
. Ennemon Perrin belonged to his wife complacently - friendly: she organized evening, . which Trouvö¬re - rhymer, . philosophers and mathematicians, . artists and musicians (Jean Pelletier du Mans - a mentor Ronsard, . or Pontyus de Tiyar - a poet and a Bachelor of Arts, . Jean - Antoine du Baif - the creator of the Lyons Academy of Music, . artist engraver Pierre Age and many, . many others!) fought for the honor to present it to their line, . pictures, . play, . hear her unbiased and honest opinion.,
. Perrin did not interfere with her sparkle and charm, and has been at these silent evenings at home, but a highly respected master, from whose hands celebrity guests with great pleasure to take another glass of good wine
. Louise sang for the crowd, discussing with them the philosophical theories of Plato and frivolous 'Fyamettu' Boccaccio, and Mr. Ennemon Perrin looked at everything: through his fingers, good-natured laugh!
. Yes, and nothing serious, at least, at first, his wife, he could not blame
. At that time, was a condition, . gallant and indispensable, . Here is a usage with the ladies, . more so - in Lyon, . too thin imbibed traditions of Italy and Provence, . and how to mix them, the more so - when the mind and outstanding Labe! Perrin vaguely heard about, . that prior to his marriage 'zolotogolovoy Lou' was what you admirer, . but he disappeared 'in the swaddling clothes of the Seven Seas', . went to distant lands, . and then to Spain, . where he died of grief,
. As if this was even the Dauphin Henry, but this was said by hints, and practical - a wise Kanatchikov Perrin chose not to go into details!
. Youthful enthusiasm Louise ended up writing two pretty long ellegy, in general, strongly reminiscent of romance Provencal trouveres
. And who is jealous of his songs? And the nature of her to all sorts of vulgar scenes did not have at all. Perhaps her marriage to Ennemonom replicated reminded the deal, but the deal and a very indulgent and prudent. Although once common sense has been thoroughly forgotten Louise.
. Happened in 1553.
. D `O" Connor, an English scholar living poet Labe, wittily remarked that this lady was so smart and independent, that hardly suited to the role of entertaining, and at the same time, very pathetic - the role of women, abandoned lover
. When Olivier de Magny, . Knight - poet, . Secretary Jean d Avansona, . French ambassador at the papal court, . arose in her life, . She was surprised by all the Lyon Company, . but surprised, . perhaps, . not at all his hasty and painful affair with the spoiled child of fate and brilliant court, . and fervent strings sonnets, . which has left it to devote soon lover.,
. Here are some of them, stunning depth and sincerity of feeling and now, a hundred-odd years:
. 'From the day when fierce love
. I was poisoned by his burning,
. Her holy madness force
. Inflames my mind and blood
. What a blow, the fate, I am not ready,
. The heart, flaming like a mountain,
. Oh do not be surprised at anything again! "
. Labe. Sonnet IV.)
. Or even more sincere, more bluntly, sounding strange coming from a small woman, a confession:
. 'Soul favorite, deliver me from harm,
. So that I can not wait for you orphaned,
. In order to sorrow, not congeal fossilized,
. Bring a clear, radiant light! "
. Labe. Sonnet VII.)
. Olivier de Magny, . complacent ranter and a braggart, . probably, . not too deeply loved his 'too intelligent and passionate lady Louise', . he was more attracted to opulence and languishing phrases sighs, . beautiful gestures, . perhaps, . ringing gold coins, . which the poet generously showered inveterate fop and dandy of the papal court.,
. Only one of the sonnets Magny like echoes the sonnet itself Louise finding must be some - that fleeting echo in his soul. This is evident in sravenenii. Probably the sonnets were written at the beginning of the novel.
Lines of Louise Labe:
'About the laughter of the lute, voice, burning eyes,
On the torches lighted a fire,
What's in them deadly force! "
(Louise Labe. Sonnet II.)
. Trio Olivier de Magny:
. 'On the tentative steps on the flame burning,
. On the sweet delirium of a flying swarm of thoughts,
. Swirling in his sleep and waking
. Oh, those eyes sad fountains
. Oh, gods, heavens, you are constantly
. As witnesses to the love of my call! "
. Magny Sonnet of the cycle 'sighing', translated Yu Denisov.)
Sonnets Labe long time went on the list, apparently her friend and admirer of the poetess dutifully copied them and memorized. Many of the stanzas were set to music and sung as ballads trouveres. They were very popular, stanza Labe, and many later, during the life she was called 'Great Lady', 'venerable disciple of Ronsard and Petrarch'. Yes, it was all in it: and worship traditions of Provencal troubadours, whose names are impossible to list accurately and to the end, many of them have sunk into oblivion. It was in the verse Louise and enthusiastic tribute to the sonnet of Petrarch - otherwise there could be - the sensitivities and finely chuvsstvuyuschaya Labe, . passing through your soul diamond faceting rows singer Laura, . carefully managed to touch his thin fingers to weave the fabric around the new lines, . seems to be repeating the same tune, . but - differently, . on women, . sincerely, . inspiration and as a by - a special way.,
. Like sparks flew from the line of fire of her soul and stayed not pogasnuv, to illuminate our path, through five centuries.
Louise Labe lived in those days many years. And many have seen in my life. And the high plague and funeral pyre, . and slaughter gugenottov: throughout France were held then 'small vorfolomeevskie night'! She held the hands granted charter of King Henry the Second, . graciously allowing it to print all of its products without reductions and amendments, . itself by selecting the publisher (Certificate from March 15, 1555) and hiding from enemies and the hypocrites of the church reformer M,
. Calvin in his family estate Pars, so it is not flying stones reckless hula for her poetry and philosophical writings, letters and interviews!
Her enveloped not only the aura of a brilliant poet 'for all ages and times, fine teacher Moliere' (A. Aragon), but also annoyance haunted half-life gross mark 'wicked woman and immoral person, worthy of the stake'. She was beautiful, but her beauty had faded with age and disease. Sincere love her and force her character was not appreciated. Favorite proved unworthy of her spiritual. The name of Olivier de Magny untraceable vanished in the pages of the history of world literature and forget to do, . if not for the sweet voice of his former lover, . deliver "stole away forever '(a line from a sonnet Labe) more than two dozen of sonnets, . become a true treasure and a national treasure of France, . long loving songs trouveres, . which became the cradle of Lyon and Provence!,
. It overcame not only the loneliness of love, but also the loneliness of widowhood
. Her humble hearth collected only loyal friends, but over the years and their circle - was thinning out:
Not documented whether there were children of Louise Labe. From a lover, from her husband.. Unknown. Remains of a small state (in the end of 1565 the couple Perrin ruined by excessive taxation, . imposed by the royal treasury at all wealthy liontsev from - for a long war with Spain.), she left his nephew, Pierre and Jean and her beloved brother - a lawyer Franö¬ois Charles.,
. Past history of it in 1565 plague disfigure the once beautiful face, but not stirred the mind
. Weakened health, . but still with the firm will, . 'Louise Charly - Labe, . lady - widow Perrin ', . itself was rough, and dictated his will, . in sootovetstvii which was buried in 'the dark night, . without the pomp and special rites', . Spring 1566, . at the family crypt estate Pars - en - Domb, . near the grave of her husband, . After a modest funeral at the Church of Notre-Dame de Lyon conformation,
. For a small amount - in twelve livres - a small gray headstone were engraved mason - gravedigger only generic emblems ladies Charly - Perrin, and anniversaries: the birth and death.
. Knock on the grave of a stanza - a sonnet by Louise wanted, but could not - there was no place!
. Topped posthumous fame, . (After the re-release in 1762, her essays and a wreath of twenty-four sonnets) praise Research, . Translation, . dedications, . the fate of Louise Labe, . unless, . remains one of the most enigmatic and tragic in the history of French literature.,
. His extensive library: albums, paintings, manuscripts, letters and other papers, Louise Labe, a special paragraph of the will - 'without the inventory, inspection and registry' - handed businessman, lawyer and close friend of the family - Tomaso Fortenu (Forteni)
. As he ordered received nothing - not known, the traces of his lost. But to this day, there, then - here and around the world emerge from obscurity disparate documents from the treasury of 'Beautiful Lionki': letters, poems, snatches of prose. Like sparks from a long time - long ago faded fire. Do faded? ..
|Valeria for Charles LABE Louise
|The wonderful poet, and, moreover, lived so long ago. Thank you for the wonderful article