Shaporin Yuri (George) A.( Music)
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Biography Shaporin Yuri (George) A.
Yuri (George) A. Shaporin (27.11.1887 year - 09.12.1966 year) - Russian composer, teacher. Born Glukhov (now Ukraine, Sumy region) 27 October (8 November) 1887. In 1906-1908 he studied at Kiev University in History and Philology, he took composition lessons. In 1912 he graduated from the Faculty of St. Petersburg University in 1918 - Petrograd Conservatory, . 1926; on its grounds is the author's 'shuteynaya suite', . 1928), . and later films.,
. In the 1920's belonged to the 'left' wing of the St. Petersburg musicians, was chairman of the local branch of the Association of Contemporary Music
. At this time Shaporin talked with a number of famous writers and artists. Thus, planned for the young composer's cantata on the field Kulikovom Blok wrote and rewrote some of his texts (plan was implemented only in 1941). A. Tolstoy and Pushkin scholar P. Shchegolev wrote the libretto for SHAPORINA Pauline Gebl, which then was not finished and only in 1950 acquired a complete - and a much-changed - look under the name of the Decembrists. At the request of KA Fedin Shaporin wrote the chapter 'Symphony Nikita Karev' for the novel The Brothers. This period is also interesting - and only in the legacy of the composer - Symphony with chorus (1932; vokaliziruet chorus without words), . extensively carried out both in the USSR, . and abroad, it is sometimes interpreted as 'Soviet analogue' Bogatyrskaya symphonies of Borodin.,
. After the formation of the Union of Soviet Composers (1932) Shaporin for several years he was deputy chairman of the Leningrad branch
. Then he moved to Moscow and from 1939 until the end of days taught composition and instrumentation at the Moscow Conservatory, among his pupils many famous musicians, among them N. Sidelnikov, R. K. Shchedrin, EF Svetlanov. In 1950-1960-ies has held prominent positions in the leadership of the Union of Composers.
. The most famous of the established SHAPORINA use expressive, . in the classical style songs on poems by Pushkin (especially spell, . 1937) and Block (cycle distant youth, . 1939), . as well as works of vocal-symphonic genre - a symphony-cantata On Kulikovo Field (1939; at Blok, . M. Lozinski, . S. Drozhzhina), . to a much lesser extent - the oratorio The Legend of the battle for the Russian land (1944), . cantata Until hawk circling? (1963),
. For the oratorios and cantatas SHAPORINA characteristic appeal to historical themes, TN. epic type of drama, monumentality of forms and pretentious, generally speaking, going from the Russian classical tradition, but sometimes slipping in a typical Soviet pathos. Around the same style and is sustained only opera SHAPORINA Decembrists (completed in 1953), which many of its features more reminiscent of an oratorio.
Shaporin died in Moscow on December 9, 1966.