Hiroshige Ando( Japanese chart)
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Biography Hiroshige Ando
Ando Hiroshige (1797 [Edo] - 1858 [Edo])
His last pastoral series of three triptychs, Hiroshige gave the old poetic name 'Snow, Moon, flowers'. During the last three years of life gradually Hiroshige prints out its biggest series - 'A hundred species of Edo'.
Ando Hiroshige was born in Edo in the family of small samurai Ando Genemona. Thanks to early learning hieroglyphic writing Tokutaro (first baby name of the artist) is also well versed in the properties of paper, brushes and ink - the basic materials oriental painting.
. The first picture 'Mount Fuji in the snow', preserved to our days (Suntory Museum, Tokyo), written by the artist in the age of ten
. He was fourteen years old when he became a disciple Toyohiro, founder of the Utagawa school.
At sixteen Ando solemnly handed a document signed by hand Toyohiro. Henceforth he is a master engravings - Utagawa Hiroshige. They adopted the name Utagawa officially announces his artist famous school. And the name of your first character borrowed from the name Toyohiro, teachers, artists, and the second is part of the names of the ancestors of the artist in the male line.
. Hiroshige has for many years working in Toyohiro, copying his work and trying their strength and skill in various genres of ukiyo-e.
. The basis of the early works of Hiroshige - real events, scenes, peeped in the streets.
. The second phase marked by the appearance of landscape art prints
. First released in 1825, Mr.. series of 'Eight species Omi', dedicated to the beauty of Lake Biwa, located in the province of Omi, Hiroshige depicts, not leaving Edo. The next series of 'Ten species of the Eastern Capital', released two years later, is dedicated to the artist's hometown - Edo.
Then the artist completely focuses on landscapes and genre series Rainer ( 'flowers and birds'). One of the most famous is the list 'Sparrows over the snow-covered camellia' a series of 25 etchings.
In August 1832. artist is the whole Eastern seaside road - Tokaido. The result was released on his travels a large series of landscape prints 'Fifty-three stations Tokaido Road', marked the beginning of the flowering of his creativity.
The next period of creativity Hiroshige largely different from the previous. He often changed residence, committed numerous, fairly long journey around the country, but it does not create great landscape series. Most of the time he devotes illustrating books with satirical verses.
In the last decade of his life the artist will not part with your favorite themes and landscapes Tokaido Edo period, depicting them in individual prints, fans, books. Hiroshige created a series of 'The Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji'. During these years, the artist turns to the image of fantastic rocks, caves, waterfalls, gorges and crossings are. His last pastoral series of three triptychs, Hiroshige gave the old poetic name 'Snow, Moon, flowers'. During the last three years of life gradually Hiroshige prints out its biggest series - 'A hundred species of Edo'.
Hiroshige died from cholera in 1858. sixty-two years old. He was buried in the temple in the Asakusa Togakudzi (Edo) - where his parents were buried.
Landscapes of Hiroshige, along with the works of Hokusai woodcut made ukiyo-e leading art form of the first half of the nineteenth century.