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FURMANOV Dmitri A.

( Soviet writer)

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Biography FURMANOV Dmitri A.
photo FURMANOV Dmitri A.
Dmitri A. Furmanov (07.11.1891 year [with. Sereda Nerekhta in Kostroma province, now g. Furmanov Ivanovo region] - 15/03/1926, the [Moscow])

Heroes Chapayev "jokes Dmitri A. Furmanov became quite unfairly. With Vasily Ivanovich he had a real office in the 25 th Division, to create a script of the famous film Furmanov relationship had. Because the untimely death of eight years before the premiere.

Pen writer Furmanov took at the time when perevorochennoy and ulezhavsheysya country was not in the literature. Near the intellectuals who joined the revolution notches ( "Sliver") and Tarasov-Rodionov ( "Chocolate"), he, . autodidact, . former trooper, . newly made (from 1918) member of the RCP (b), . was difficult to write, . and to correct party line in some other way, . except kumachovyh slogans.,

. Canonized later awarded the honorary title "the first works of socialist realism," Furman "Chapaev" and "Mutiny" - things are quite udavshiesya
. Judging from the positions of their times in which they were written. Furmanov felt that the principle of documentary art ocherkizma him away will not - do not have enough literary experience. Personal lacked abundant. And he was able to avoid the incomprehensible roar romantic "revolutionary storm," which abounded in early attempts to create new literature.

. And "Chapaev" and "Mutiny" is a revolutionary realism reality, in which the description of events and characters of adequate material
. Today it is difficult to read, but it is literature, not a collection of decrees of the Revolutionary Military Council.

. Furmanov painfully searching for and your own, and the common path of the new literature - can be seen on the diaries, published only three years after his death
. Like all talented people, he was able to quickly and efficiently learn. No accident that one of the first in 1924. Furmanov began an open struggle with targeted proletarianisation literary work. He was one of the few writers-Communists who defended the fruitfulness of literary discussions and inadmissibility even talk about "dialectical materialism as a revolutionary litmetode.

. Dmitri A. Furmanov not entered in the golden galaxy of Russian writers - too brief and restrained was his way
. But among the organizers of the "new revolutionary world" he was one of the most promising.


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