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Flaherty Robert

( Director)

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Robert Flaherty (16.02.1884 year - 23/07/1951, the American director.

Born in one of the small towns in Michigan on the border of the USA and Canada. In 1910, after graduating from college and elementary school courses mountain, Flaherty is involved in the search research expeditions, during which the diary. In Hudson Bay, he takes the first film footage from the life of the Inuit, who at the time of installation has been corrupted.

. Finding grants for kinoekspeditsii in a trading company, Flaherty was the autumn of 1919 returned to the North and removes the film 'Nanook of the North' (Nanook Of The North), which premiered in 1922 and brought glory to the director
. Painting yavila not only expressive scenes from the unknown to the civilized world is almost primitive way of life of northern peoples, but also formed a new look at the film-reality.

. Flaherty did not try to reproduce on the screen of small details of life of his hero, his concern was hidden essence shaped outwardly simple scenes of family life Nanook.

. World success film 'Nanook of the North' Flaherty drew attention to the Hollywood companies 'Paramount', which concludes a contract with him
. Director sent to Polynesia and removes the film "Moana of the Southern Seas' (Moana, 1926), where they remain the central problem of the relationship of Man and Nature. But despite the refined poetic plasticity and refinement of film montage, the film had no commercial success.

Such is the fate and shot in the same year, tapes '24-dollar island '(1927) and' History of the potter '(1925). Producers have been attempting to combine the work of Flaherty in the work of other directors. So were filmed painting 'White shadow of the Southern Seas' (1931) with F. Murnau. The compromise was a stranger to talent and Flaherty did not bring good luck.

. Formulation 'Taboo' (1931) director, brought to an end, but a sentimental story and melodramatic passion actors were alien to the artistic principles of documentary.

. At the invitation of the British school of documentary film J
. Grierson Flaherty arrives in England and after working with the tape Grierson 'Industrial Britain' (1932) takes his best film 'Man of Aran' (1934).

In 1934 the film won awards at the Venice IFF. After maloudachnoy attempts to create a game now with Scotland's West. Gordo 'Little mahout' (1937) for P. Kipling Flaherty was able to remove the individual work only in 1941. By request of the U.S. Department of Agriculture director to film 'Earth' (1941). Environmental pathos of Flaherty was not accepted by the Government, and the film was banned.

. Last tape Flaherty 'Louisiana History' (1948, prize at the Venice IFF) was shot by order of the oil company and once again allowed the director to create a deep and shaped the philosophical parable.

. Creativity Flaherty remains to this day an attractive artistic world, where reality is transformed by the powerful talent of the artist in an incredibly capacious kinoobrazy who, while retaining an aura of natural life and encouraged to think about eternity.


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