TIFFANI Louis Comfort( American artist, designer)
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Biography TIFFANI Louis Comfort
Louis Comfort Tiffany (18.02.1848 year [New York] - 17/01/1933, the [New York])
. Tiffany, Louis Comfort (Tiffany, Louis Comfort) (1848-1933), American artist, designer and businessman, leader of the style of 'modern' in the national art.
. Born in New York on February 18, 1848 in a family of large-scale entrepreneur Charles L. Tiffany, founded (1837) firm that took the lead in the American jewelry industry and trade
. In 1866, he worked in the studio of J. Innes, and then - in Paris D. Bailly (1868). In his youth, traveled a lot - especially in North Africa and Spain. Returning to the U.S. in the early 1870's, painted landscapes and genre scenes in the spirit of Orientalism. Collect Far Eastern and Islamic utensils and furniture. In 1877, organized (together with J. La Farge, and others) American art associations to promote modern, as opposed to academicism. Been heavily influenced by English 'movement arts and crafts'.
Soon the entire focus its interests in the decorative design (art glass). In 1878 he opened his own glass factory in Queens (a suburb of New York). Particular success accompanied brand 'Favril' (specific reagents stained glass, etched or polished to a shine, and in its structure were also patterns in the form of reliefs and metal clad walls, enamel and semiprecious stones). Not too sophisticated (as compared with the European 'modernism') Biomorphic ornamentation combined at Tiffany's with the bizarre forms of products (decorative receptacles and fixtures, . stained glass, . bottles of spirits), . sometimes constituting picturesque Ensembles, . which combined the traditions of medieval Europe (stained glass), . Muslim East (decor lighting) and Japan (gilded wallpaper),
. Company (known since 1900 as 'Tiffany Studios') performed, . particularly, . - Mostly based on sketches by its owner - a glass chapel for the World Exhibition in Chicago (1893), . design Laurelton Hall, . country house of the Tiffany in Ouster Bay (Long Island, not preserved), . transparent panels in the Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico City (1911), . stained glass garden of dreams in our office 'Curtis Publishing' in Philadelphia (on the design of M. Parrish, 1915),
. Its products entered in the everyday environment, introducing, for example, living in a variety of drawing the New York windows.
After his father's death (1902) took over the affairs of his company. Thanks to 'Tiffany style' American decorative design for the first time became the subject of imitation and active attention in Europe.
Tiffany died in New York on January 17, 1933.