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Sophocles

( Playwright)

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Biography Sophocles
photo Sophocles
Sophocles

Sophocles was born about 496 g. BC. at Colonus, near Athens, the famous of the tragedy 'Oedipus at Colonus'. Sophocles died in 406

As early as 480 BC, 16-year-old boys, he participated in the choir Ephebos, speaking in honor of the victory at Salamis. This provided a basis to compare the biography of the three great tragedians. Aeschylus was a participant in the battle of Salamis, Sophocles praised him, and Euripides at this time born.

. On the social position of the father, expressed divergent views, but, apparently, this was a man of moderate means, who gave his son a good education
. Sophocles distinguished musical talent, and thereafter he composed music for the metric part of their tragedies.

. Sophocles was not only a playwright, and he held public office: treasurer of state funds, and then the strategist, participated along with Pericles in the campaign against Samos, rebelled against Athens
. The participation of Sophocles in public life preserved evidence of his contemporary, the poet Ion of Chios. In 411 g. Sophocles participated in the revision of the Athenian Constitution after the anti-democratic coup.

Sophocles was a friend of Pericles. It is believed that the fall of this famous political figure was reflected in the tragedy 'Oedipus Rex', which was set at about 429, after the plague that struck Athens.

. In Sophocles' tragedy raises pressing issues for his time: the attitude towards religion 'Elektra'), . divine, . unwritten laws and unwritten laws ( 'Antigone'), . free will of man and the will of the gods ( 'Oedipus Rex', . 'Women ofTrachis'), . interests of the individual, . State ( 'Philoctetes'), . problem of honor and nobility ( 'Ajax').,

. According to the ancient, . Sophocles wrote more than 120 tragedies, . but extant only seven: 'Ajax', . 'Women ofTrachis', . 'Antigone', . 'Oedipus Rex', . 'Elektra', . 'Philoctetes', . 'Oedipus at Colonus' and large excerpts from satirovskoy drama 'Pathfinders', . plot for which served as the Homeric hymn to Hermes.,

. Can not just restore the date of production of these tragedies
. Concerning 'Antigone' can say that she put in 442 g. '? "Oedipus Rex' - in 429-425 years. roughly, 'Philoctetes' - in 409 and 'Oedipus at Colonus' - posthumously in 401 g. First victory in the tragic competitions Sophocles won over Aeschylus in 468 g. his trilogy, which included a tragedy 'Triptolemos'.

Plutarch lead story about the award winning Sophocles. In this part the Athenian general Cimon and 10 strategies. In subsequent contests Sophocles was 20 times in the first place and never was the third.


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