OLBI Edward( The American playwright)
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Biography OLBI Edward
Albee, EDWARD (Albee, Edward) (p. 1928), American playwright, the representative of 'theater of the absurd'. Unmotivated clash characters and naturalistic stage effects in plays by Albee convey the meaninglessness of modern life. They significantly influence E. Ionesco, Albee and readily admits that owes much to the French playwright. In the play "delicate balance" (A Delicate Balance, . 1966) received the annual award 'Tony' and the Pulitzer Prize (1967), in 1975 won the Pulitzer Prize for "Seascape" (Seascape, . 1975), . in 1994 - for the play "Three tall women" (Three Tall Women, . 1994), . which also won several awards, . awarded the critics-in drama,
Born March 12, 1928 in Washington, and two weeks later was adopted by Reed and Frances Albee. He graduated from the school 'Choat' and just over a year attended Trinity College in Hartford (pc. Connecticut). Then settled in New York, interrupting odd jobs, dabbled in poetry and prose. As the playwright made his debut in 1959, later appeared in support of promising playwrights through the union 'Albee-Barr-Wilder'.
Creativity Albee spoke about the loneliness of people and their inability to understanding. In witty, lively dialogues writer describes human communication as a struggle for self-affirmation. It is embodied most vividly in the play "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" (Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolfe?, . 1962, . Prize 'Tony'), . where a university professor and his embittered wife for all the action verbally crucify each other and the two unhappy guests,
. The variety of creative manner Albee identify such different pieces, . a metaphysical allegory of "Tiny Alice" (Tiny Alice, . 1964), . meets the requirements of the plot of the drama, . and "Box and Quotations from Chairman Mao" (Box - Mao - Box, . 1968), . where the speech of characters on stage and backstage bodiless voice rather intertwined, . a musical theme in counterpoint, . than arranged in any coherent dialogue,
The early one-act plays Albee, in contrast to the later three-act, were first raised in Europe, where they are appreciated, and only then in the U.S.. In addition to these, . Albee also wrote the play "What happened at the zoo" (The Zoo Story, . 1959), . "The Death of Bessie Smith" (The Death of Bessie Smith, . 1960), . "Fem and Yem" (Fam and Yam, . 1960), . "The American Dream" (The American Dream, . 1961), . "The Lady from Dyubuka" (The Lady from Dubuque, . 1977) and "A man with three hands" (The Man With Three Arms, . 1983),
. He owns the staging of "The Ballad of the gloomy inn" (The Ballad of the Sad Cafe, . 1963) on the novel by Carson Mc Kalers, . 'Malcolm "(Malkolm) based on the novel Dzh.Pardi, . "Breakfast at Tiffany's" (Breakfast at Tiffany's, . 1966) on the novel by T. Capote, . Recycling plays Dzh.Kupera "Everything in the Garden" (Everything in the Garden, . 1967) and "Lolita" (Lolita, . 1979) on the novel by Vladimir Nabokov,
. Last work Albee "The play is about the baby" (The Play About the Baby, 2000) was delivered in New York in 2001.
In 1996 Albee received the Kennedy Center Award for a fruitful life lived, in 1997 President Clinton awarded him the National Medal for achievements in the arts.