Pogodin Nikolai Fyodorovich( Dramurg, journalist, novelist, screenwriter)
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Biography Pogodin Nikolai Fyodorovich
Pogodin, Nikolai Fedorovich (present. Pham. Stukalov) (1900-1960), dramurg, journalist, novelist, screenwriter. Author of plays, stage whose fate is inseparable from the history of the Soviet theater. In history it has remained, primarily as the author of Lenin's trilogy of plays and production.
Born 3 (16) November 1900 in the village Gunderovsk (now Donetsk). Fate was influenced by the revolutionary events of 1917. I went to volunteer in the Red Army. From 1920 he worked in the Rostov newspaper 'working life' as a reporter, discovered his vocation in this. From 1925 - essayist in Moscow. Already in his sketches looked through the dramatic construction, conflicts, bright lively dialogues, colorful language. The novelty of the form of his plays came from the novelty of the content of life, the novelty of modern theatrical forms and searches. He used a scenario techniques of cinema, more modern and dynamic, a more appropriate time. Therefore, his first play "temp", written in 1929, unsold in the academic Moscow Art Theater and was admitted to staging the young director Alexander Popov in Theater. Vakhtangov. The play was recognized as an innovative. His "Temp", the author opened a dramatic new production theme, which was then a long life on the theatrical stage and in film.
The second piece "The Rime of the ax" was a continuation of the first. The stated AD Popov in 1931 at the Theater of the Revolution with the participation of M. Babanova (ANCA), D. Orlov (Stepan), a poem was a great success. The final part of the production of poetic trilogy - the play "My Friend" (1932). Moving from general to specific, from the collective to the individual, the author first discovered the image of the Soviet leader. Holy by the standards of his time dramatic material was ground for the birth of a bright scenic image created Astangovym MA in the Theater of the Revolution.
Firmly in the history of the Soviet theater come play "Aristocrats", written in 1934 and raised in the realistic theater N. Okhlopkova means of conventional theater, like the play of carnival festivity.
Contribution to the solution of the Leninist theme in the Soviet screen and stage has he created a trilogy about Lenin: "A man with a gun" (1937), "The Kremlin Chimes" (1939), "Third, pathetic" (1956). The author's task was the maximum coverage of the human image of the leader, the creation of charming, heart of the hero, taking to heart all the troubles of the common man. This idealized, sugarcoated, purified from the real contradictions and complexities, was due to appear before the leader of the modern audience. The role of Lenin and on the stage Vakhtangov, and in the movies, successfully played the BV Shchukin. The creators of the performance of their sincerely implement clear social order. He created a kind of standard solutions of the Leninist theme for a long time fixing it in the art. In the play "The Kremlin Chimes" has consistently tried to reveal he had found a metaphor silent, and then revived the Kremlin chimes symbolizing the inevitable victory of Lenin's cause. Outside the context of the Soviet era is obvious exemplariness receptions of the play, its metaphors and images.
Screenplay for the movie "Kuban Cossacks" (1950, USSR State Prize, 1951).